Numbers, The Book of

Numbers, The Book of

The fourth book in the Pentateuch (the first five books of the OT). The title is probably drawn from the account of the census with which the book begins (Num 1:2). The book contains historical narrative (Num 10-14), statistical information (Num 1-4, Num 7, Num 26), itinerary (Num 33), poetry (Num 20:14-18, Num 27-30, Num 23:7-10, Num 18-24, Num 24:4-9, Num 15-24), and ritual and legal prescriptions (Num 3-10, Num 15, Num 18-19, Num 27-30, Num 34-36).

Outline of Contents

Numbers

I. Preparations for travel (Num 1:1-9:14)

A. Censuses and camp organization (Num 1:1-5:4)

11. First census of Israelites (Num 1:1-54)

12. Arrangement of camp (Num 2:1-34)

13. Census and duties of Levites and Aaronites (Num 3:1-4:49)

14. Exclusion of impure (Num 5:1-4)

B. Laws and cultic preparation (Num 5:5-9:14)

11. Restitution offering; the suspected adulteress (Num 5:5-31)

12. The Nazirite; priestly blessing (Num 6:1-27)

13. The chieftains’ gifts (Num 7:1-89)

14. Appointment of the Levites (Num 8:1-26)

15. The lampstand and Passover (Num 9:1-14)

II. Travels (Num 9:15-25:18)

A. From Sinai to Kadesh (Num 9:15-20:13)

11. Preparations (Num 9:15-10:35)

12. Complaint about food; quail (Num 11:1-34)

13. Complaint of Miriam and Aaron (Num 12:1-16)

14. Scouting the land and people’s complaints (Num 13:1-14:45)

15. Laws: offerings, Sabbath work, and wearing the fringe (Num 15:1-41)

16. Rebellion of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram (Num 16:1-40)

17. Complaint and plague after rebellion (Num 16:41-17:12)

18. Laws: duties and portions of priests and Levites (Num 18:1-32)

19. Laws: corpse contamination (Num 19:1-22)

10. Complaint about water (Num 20:1-13)

B. From Kadesh to the steppes of Moab (Num 20:14-25:18)

11. Edom refuses passage (Num 20:14-21)

12. Aaron succeeded by Eleazar (Num 20:22-29)

13. Defeat of king of Arad (Num 21:1-3)

14. Complaint about food; serpent plague (Num 21:4-9)

15. Miscellaneous travels (Num 21:10-20)

16. Defeat of Sihon (Num 21:21-32)

17. Defeat of Og (Num 21:33-35)

18. Balaam’s prophecies and Balak’s capitulation (Num 22:1-24:55)

19. Baal of Peor idolatry (Num 25:1-18)

III. Preparations for conquest (Num 26:1-36:13)

A. Second census (Num 26:1-65)

B. Laws for promised land (Num 27:1-30:16)

11. Inheritance of daughters (Num 27:1-11)

12. Joshua appointed (Num 27:12-23)

13. Festivals (Num 28:1-29:39)

14. Vows of women (Num 30:1-16)

C. War with Midian (Num 31:1-54)

D. Settlement of Reuben, Gad, and half of Manasseh in the Transjordan (Num 32:1-42)

E. Summary of travel (Num 33:1-49)

F. More laws for promised land (Num 33:50-36:13)

11. Boundaries and mode of inheritance (Num 33:50-34:29)

12. Levitical cities and homicide (Num 35:1-34)

13. Retention of inheritances in tribes (Num 36:1-13)

Num 1:2

2Take a census of the whole congregation of Israelites, in their clans, by ancestral houses, according to the number of names, every male individually;

Num 10-14

The Silver Trumpets
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2Make two silver trumpets; you shall make them of hammered work; and you shall use them for summoning the c ... View more

Num 1-4

The First Census of Israel
1The Lord spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tent of meeting, on the first day of the second month, in the second year ... View more

Num 7

Offerings of the Leaders
1On the day when Moses had finished setting up the tabernacle, and had anointed and consecrated it with all its furnishings, and had an ... View more

Num 26

A Census of the New Generation
1After the plague the Lord said to Moses and to Eleazar son of Aaron the priest,2“Take a census of the whole congregation of the ... View more

Num 33

The Stages of Israel's Journey from Egypt
1These are the stages by which the Israelites went out of the land of Egypt in military formation under the leadership ... View more

Num 20:14-18

Passage through Edom Refused
14Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, “Thus says your brother Israel: You know all the adversity that has befall ... View more

Num 27-30

The Daughters of Zelophehad
1Then the daughters of Zelophehad came forward. Zelophehad was son of Hepher son of Gilead son of Machir son of Manasseh son of Jose ... View more

Num 23:7-10

7Then Balaam uttered his oracle, saying:
“Balak has brought me from Aram,
the king of Moab from the eastern mountains:
‘Come, curse Jacob for me;
Come, denounce ... View more

Num 18-24

Responsibility of Priests and Levites
1The Lord said to Aaron: You and your sons and your ancestral house with you shall bear responsibility for offenses connec ... View more

Num 24:4-9

4the oracle of one who hears the words of God,
who sees the vision of the Almighty,
who falls down, but with eyes uncovered:5how fair are your tents, O Jacob,
y ... View more

Num 15-24

Various Offerings
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2Speak to the Israelites and say to them: When you come into the land you are to inhabit, which I am giving y ... View more

Num 3-10

The Sons of Aaron
1This is the lineage of Aaron and Moses at the time when the Lord spoke with Moses on Mount Sinai.2These are the names of the sons of Aaron: N ... View more

Num 15

Various Offerings
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2Speak to the Israelites and say to them: When you come into the land you are to inhabit, which I am giving y ... View more

Num 18-19

Responsibility of Priests and Levites
1The Lord said to Aaron: You and your sons and your ancestral house with you shall bear responsibility for offenses connec ... View more

Num 27-30

The Daughters of Zelophehad
1Then the daughters of Zelophehad came forward. Zelophehad was son of Hepher son of Gilead son of Machir son of Manasseh son of Jose ... View more

Num 34-36

The Boundaries of the Land
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2Command the Israelites, and say to them: When you enter the land of Canaan (this is the land that s ... View more

Num 1:1-9:14

The First Census of Israel
1The Lord spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tent of meeting, on the first day of the second month, in the second year ... View more

Num 1:1-5:4

The First Census of Israel
1The Lord spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tent of meeting, on the first day of the second month, in the second year ... View more

Num 1:1-54

The First Census of Israel
1The Lord spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tent of meeting, on the first day of the second month, in the second year ... View more

Num 2:1-34

The Order of Encampment and Marching
1The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:2The Israelites shall camp each in their respective regiments, under ensigns by ... View more

Num 3:1-4:49

The Sons of Aaron
1This is the lineage of Aaron and Moses at the time when the Lord spoke with Moses on Mount Sinai.2These are the names of the sons of Aaron: N ... View more

Num 5:1-4

Unclean Persons
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2Command the Israelites to put out of the camp everyone who is leprous, or has a discharge, and everyone who is ... View more

Num 5:5-9:14

Confession and Restitution
5The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:6Speak to the Israelites: When a man or a woman wrongs another, breaking faith with the Lord, that p ... View more

Num 5:5-31

Confession and Restitution
5The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:6Speak to the Israelites: When a man or a woman wrongs another, breaking faith with the Lord, that p ... View more

Num 6:1-27

The Nazirites
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2Speak to the Israelites and say to them: When either men or women make a special vow, the vow of a nazirite, to ... View more

Num 7:1-89

Offerings of the Leaders
1On the day when Moses had finished setting up the tabernacle, and had anointed and consecrated it with all its furnishings, and had an ... View more

Num 8:1-26

The Seven Lamps
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2Speak to Aaron and say to him: When you set up the lamps, the seven lamps shall give light in front of the lam ... View more

Num 9:1-14

The Passover at Sinai
1The Lord spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, s ... View more

Num 9:15-25:18

The Cloud and the Fire
15On the day the tabernacle was set up, the cloud covered the tabernacle, the tent of the covenant; and from evening until morning it was ... View more

Num 9:15-20:13

The Cloud and the Fire
15On the day the tabernacle was set up, the cloud covered the tabernacle, the tent of the covenant; and from evening until morning it was ... View more

Num 9:15-10:35

The Cloud and the Fire
15On the day the tabernacle was set up, the cloud covered the tabernacle, the tent of the covenant; and from evening until morning it was ... View more

Num 11:1-34

Complaining in the Desert
1Now when the people complained in the hearing of the Lord about their misfortunes, the Lord heard it and his anger was kindled. Then ... View more

Num 12:1-16

Aaron and Miriam Jealous of Moses
1While they were at Hazeroth, Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Cushite woman whom he had married (for he ha ... View more

Num 13:1-14:45

Spies Sent into Canaan
1The Lord said to Moses,2“Send men to spy out the land of Canaan, which I am giving to the Israelites; from each of their ancestral tribe ... View more

Num 15:1-41

Various Offerings
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2Speak to the Israelites and say to them: When you come into the land you are to inhabit, which I am giving y ... View more

Num 16:1-40

Revolt of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram
1Now Korah son of Izhar son of Kohath son of Levi, along with Dathan and Abiram sons of Eliab, and On son of Peleth—descenda ... View more

Num 16:41-17:12

41On the next day, however, the whole congregation of the Israelites rebelled against Moses and against Aaron, saying, “You have killed the people of the Lord.” ... View more

Num 18:1-32

Responsibility of Priests and Levites
1The Lord said to Aaron: You and your sons and your ancestral house with you shall bear responsibility for offenses connec ... View more

Num 19:1-22

Ceremony of the Red Heifer
1The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:2This is a statute of the law that the Lord has commanded: Tell the Israelites to bring yo ... View more

Num 20:1-13

The Waters of Meribah
1The Israelites, the whole congregation, came into the wilderness of Zin in the first month, and the people stayed in Kadesh. Miriam died ... View more

Num 20:14-25:18

Passage through Edom Refused
14Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, “Thus says your brother Israel: You know all the adversity that has befall ... View more

Num 20:14-21

Passage through Edom Refused
14Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, “Thus says your brother Israel: You know all the adversity that has befall ... View more

Num 20:22-29

The Death of Aaron
22They set out from Kadesh, and the Israelites, the whole congregation, came to Mount Hor.23Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron at Mount Ho ... View more

Num 21:1-3

The Bronze Serpent
1When the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who lived in the Negeb, heard that Israel was coming by the way of Atharim, he fought against Israel a ... View more

Num 21:4-9

4From Mount Hor they set out by the way to the Red Sea, to go around the land of Edom; but the people became impatient on the way.5The people spoke against God ... View more

Num 21:10-20

The Journey to Moab
10The Israelites set out, and camped in Oboth.11They set out from Oboth, and camped at Iye-abarim, in the wilderness bordering Moab toward t ... View more

Num 21:21-32

King Sihon Defeated
21Then Israel sent messengers to King Sihon of the Amorites, saying,22“Let me pass through your land; we will not turn aside into field or v ... View more

Num 21:33-35

King Og Defeated
33Then they turned and went up the road to Bashan; and King Og of Bashan came out against them, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei.34But ... View more

Num 22:1-24:55

Balak Summons Balaam to Curse Israel
1The Israelites set out, and camped in the plains of Moab across the Jordan from Jericho.2Now Balak son of Zippor saw all t ... View more

Num 25:1-18

Worship of Baal of Peor
1While Israel was staying at Shittim, the people began to have sexual relations with the women of Moab.2These invited the people to the ... View more

Num 26:1-36:13

A Census of the New Generation
1After the plague the Lord said to Moses and to Eleazar son of Aaron the priest,2“Take a census of the whole congregation of the ... View more

Num 26:1-65

A Census of the New Generation
1After the plague the Lord said to Moses and to Eleazar son of Aaron the priest,2“Take a census of the whole congregation of the ... View more

Num 27:1-30:16

The Daughters of Zelophehad
1Then the daughters of Zelophehad came forward. Zelophehad was son of Hepher son of Gilead son of Machir son of Manasseh son of Jose ... View more

Num 27:1-11

The Daughters of Zelophehad
1Then the daughters of Zelophehad came forward. Zelophehad was son of Hepher son of Gilead son of Machir son of Manasseh son of Jose ... View more

Num 27:12-23

Joshua Appointed Moses' Successor
12The Lord said to Moses, “Go up this mountain of the Abarim range, and see the land that I have given to the Israelites.13Whe ... View more

Num 28:1-29:39

Daily Offerings
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2Command the Israelites, and say to them: My offering, the food for my offerings by fire, my pleasing odor, you ... View more

Num 30:1-16

Vows Made by Women
1Then Moses said to the heads of the tribes of the Israelites: This is what the Lord has commanded.2When a man makes a vow to the Lord, or sw ... View more

Num 31:1-54

War against Midian
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying,2“Avenge the Israelites on the Midianites; afterward you shall be gathered to your people.”3So Moses said to ... View more

Num 32:1-42

Conquest and Division of Transjordan
1Now the Reubenites and the Gadites owned a very great number of cattle. When they saw that the land of Jazer and the land ... View more

Num 33:1-49

The Stages of Israel's Journey from Egypt
1These are the stages by which the Israelites went out of the land of Egypt in military formation under the leadership ... View more

Num 33:50-36:13

Directions for the Conquest of Canaan
50In the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:51Speak to the Israelites, and say to th ... View more

Num 33:50-34:29

Directions for the Conquest of Canaan
50In the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:51Speak to the Israelites, and say to th ... View more

Num 35:1-34

Cities for the Levites
1In the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2Command the Israelites to give, from the inheritance th ... View more

Num 36:1-13

Marriage of Female Heirs
1The heads of the ancestral houses of the clans of the descendants of Gilead son of Machir son of Manasseh, of the Josephite clans, cam ... View more

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