A region and a people east and southwest of the Dead Sea. The Nabatean king Aretas IV (9 BCE—40 CE) gave his daughter in marriage to Herod’s son Antipas in a mutual effort to heal Jewish-Nabatean relations. About 28 CE, Antipas divorced his Nabatean wife to marry Herodias, eventually occasioning the execution of John the Baptist according to (Matt 14:1-12 and Mark 6:17-29). Aretas attacked Antipas’s forces, defeating them in a skirmish, but bringing on the threat of Roman intervention in 37 CE. It was also under this Aretas that Paul’s life was endangered in Damascus ca. 34–35 CE (2Cor 11:32-33; Acts 9:23-25).
The Death of John the Baptist
1At that time Herod the ruler heard reports about Jesus;2and he said to his servants, “This is John the Baptist; he has been raise ... View more
17For Herod himself had sent men who arrested John, bound him, and put him in prison on account of Herodias, his brother Philip's wife, because Herod had marrie ... View more
32In Damascus, the governor under King Aretas guarded the city of Damascus in order to seize me,33but I was let down in a basket through a window in the wall, a ... View more
Saul Escapes from the Jews
23After some time had passed, the Jews plotted to kill him,24but their plot became known to Saul. They were watching the gates day an ... View more