mount, mountain

mount, mountain

A high landmass projecting above the surrounding area. In Palestine there are two formidable mountain chains: (1) the western highlands, a chain that runs north-south west of the Jordan River as an extension of the mountains of Lebanon and comprises three distinct ranges separated by plains and valleys: the Galilee, Ephraim and Judah, and the Negeb; the Carmel mountains near Haifa are an east-west spur of this chain; and (2) the eastern highlands, which rise precipitously above the Rift Valley east of the Jordan River, extending from Mt. Hermon in the north through biblical Gilead, Amman, and Moab to Edom in the south. Mountains are frequently referred to in the biblical text as dwelling places (Gen 36:8), places of refuge (Gen 14:10; Judg 6:2; Matt 24:16), lookouts (Matt 4:8), landmarks (Num 34:7), assembly sites (Josh 8:30-33; Judg 9:7), military camps (1Sam 17:3), cemeteries (2Kgs 23:16), geographical boundaries (Josh 15:8), places of ambush (Judg 9:25), scenes of battle (1Sam 23:26), sanctuaries for the animal world (Ps 11:1), pastures (Luke 8:32), and the habitat of goats (Ps 104:18) and birds (1Sam 26:20). In the OT, two mountains are inextricably associated with God: Mt. Sinai/Horeb and Mt. Zion. Mt. Sinai was where the covenant between God and Israel was sealed (Exod 19:24), where Moses spoke to God (Exod 19:3; Exod 19:10; Exod 24:9), and where God’s presence was revealed (Exod 19:16, Exod 19:18). Mt. Zion was another favored abode of God (Ps 68:16; Ps 84:5). In the NT, mountains figure prominently in contexts of worship, prayer, and events of great religious significance. The Sermon on the Mount exemplifies this continuing tradition (Matt 5:1-7:29). Jesus’s temptation occurred on a very high mountain (Matt 4:8), as did his transfiguration (Mark 9:2); for his own prayer and devotion, Jesus sought the mountains (Matt 14:23; Mark 6:46; Luke 6:12; Luke 9:28; John 6:15). The Mount of Olives was the setting for Jesus’s entry into Jerusalem (Mark 11:1; Luke 19:29); and it is reported that the Mount of Olives was the site of his ascension (Luke 24:50; Acts 1:9-12).

Gen 36:8

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Gen 14:10

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Judg 6:2

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Matt 24:16

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Matt 4:8

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Num 34:7

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Josh 8:30-33

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Judg 9:7

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1Sam 17:3

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2Kgs 23:16

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Josh 15:8

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Judg 9:25

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1Sam 23:26

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Ps 11:1

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Luke 8:32

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Ps 104:18

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1Sam 26:20

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Exod 19:24

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Exod 19:3

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Exod 19:10

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Exod 24:9

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Exod 19:16

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Exod 19:18

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Ps 68:16

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Ps 84:5

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Matt 5:1-7:29

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Matt 4:8

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Mark 9:2

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Matt 14:23

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Mark 6:46

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Luke 6:12

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Luke 9:28

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John 6:15

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Mark 11:1

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Luke 19:29

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Luke 24:50

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Acts 1:9-12

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