mount, mountain

mount, mountain

A high landmass projecting above the surrounding area. In Palestine there are two formidable mountain chains: (1) the western highlands, a chain that runs north-south west of the Jordan River as an extension of the mountains of Lebanon and comprises three distinct ranges separated by plains and valleys: the Galilee, Ephraim and Judah, and the Negeb; the Carmel mountains near Haifa are an east-west spur of this chain; and (2) the eastern highlands, which rise precipitously above the Rift Valley east of the Jordan River, extending from Mt. Hermon in the north through biblical Gilead, Amman, and Moab to Edom in the south. Mountains are frequently referred to in the biblical text as dwelling places (Gen 36:8), places of refuge (Gen 14:10; Judg 6:2; Matt 24:16), lookouts (Matt 4:8), landmarks (Num 34:7), assembly sites (Josh 8:30-33; Judg 9:7), military camps (1Sam 17:3), cemeteries (2Kgs 23:16), geographical boundaries (Josh 15:8), places of ambush (Judg 9:25), scenes of battle (1Sam 23:26), sanctuaries for the animal world (Ps 11:1), pastures (Luke 8:32), and the habitat of goats (Ps 104:18) and birds (1Sam 26:20). In the OT, two mountains are inextricably associated with God: Mt. Sinai/Horeb and Mt. Zion. Mt. Sinai was where the covenant between God and Israel was sealed (Exod 19:24), where Moses spoke to God (Exod 19:3; Exod 19:10; Exod 24:9), and where God’s presence was revealed (Exod 19:16, Exod 19:18). Mt. Zion was another favored abode of God (Ps 68:16; Ps 84:5). In the NT, mountains figure prominently in contexts of worship, prayer, and events of great religious significance. The Sermon on the Mount exemplifies this continuing tradition (Matt 5:1-7:29). Jesus’s temptation occurred on a very high mountain (Matt 4:8), as did his transfiguration (Mark 9:2); for his own prayer and devotion, Jesus sought the mountains (Matt 14:23; Mark 6:46; Luke 6:12; Luke 9:28; John 6:15). The Mount of Olives was the setting for Jesus’s entry into Jerusalem (Mark 11:1; Luke 19:29); and it is reported that the Mount of Olives was the site of his ascension (Luke 24:50; Acts 1:9-12).

Gen 36:8

8So Esau settled in the hill country of Seir; Esau is Edom.

Gen 14:10

10Now the Valley of Siddim was full of bitumen pits; and as the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, some fell into them, and the rest fled to the hill country.

Judg 6:2

2The hand of Midian prevailed over Israel; and because of Midian the Israelites provided for themselves hiding places in the mountains, caves and strongholds.

Matt 24:16

16then those in Judea must flee to the mountains;

Matt 4:8

8Again, the devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their splendor;

Num 34:7

7This shall be your northern boundary: from the Great Sea you shall mark out your line to Mount Hor;

Josh 8:30-33

Joshua Renews the Covenant
30Then Joshua built on Mount Ebal an altar to the Lord, the God of Israel,31just as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded the I ... View more

Judg 9:7

The Parable of the Trees
7When it was told to Jotham, he went and stood on the top of Mount Gerizim, and cried aloud and said to them, “Listen to me, you lords ... View more

1Sam 17:3

3The Philistines stood on the mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on the mountain on the other side, with a valley between them.

2Kgs 23:16

16As Josiah turned, he saw the tombs there on the mount; and he sent and took the bones out of the tombs, and burned them on the altar, and defiled it, accordin ... View more

Josh 15:8

8then the boundary goes up by the valley of the son of Hinnom at the southern slope of the Jebusites (that is, Jerusalem); and the boundary goes up to the top o ... View more

Judg 9:25

25So, out of hostility to him, the lords of Shechem set ambushes on the mountain tops. They robbed all who passed by them along that way; and it was reported to ... View more

1Sam 23:26

26Saul went on one side of the mountain, and David and his men on the other side of the mountain. David was hurrying to get away from Saul, while Saul and his m ... View more

Ps 11:1

Song of Trust in God
To the leader. Of David.
1In the Lord I take refuge; how can you say to me,
“Flee like a bird to the mountains;

Luke 8:32

32Now there on the hillside a large herd of swine was feeding; and the demons begged Jesus to let them enter these. So he gave them permission.

Ps 104:18

18The high mountains are for the wild goats;
the rocks are a refuge for the coneys.

1Sam 26:20

20Now therefore, do not let my blood fall to the ground, away from the presence of the Lord; for the king of Israel has come out to seek a single flea, like one ... View more

Exod 19:24

24The Lord said to him, “Go down, and come up bringing Aaron with you; but do not let either the priests or the people break through to come up to the Lord; oth ... View more

Exod 19:3

3Then Moses went up to God; the Lord called to him from the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the Israelites:

Exod 19:10

10the Lord said to Moses: “Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow. Have them wash their clothes

Exod 24:9

On the Mountain with God
9Then Moses and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel went up,

Exod 19:16

16On the morning of the third day there was thunder and lightning, as well as a thick cloud on the mountain, and a blast of a trumpet so loud that all the peopl ... View more

Exod 19:18

18Now Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke, because the Lord had descended upon it in fire; the smoke went up like the smoke of a kiln, while the whole mountain sho ... View more

Ps 68:16

16Why do you look with envy, O many-peaked mountain,
at the mount that God desired for his abode,
where the Lord will reside forever?

Ps 84:5

5Happy are those whose strength is in you,
in whose heart are the highways to Zion.

Matt 5:1-7:29

The Beatitudes
1When Jesus saw the crowds, he went up the mountain; and after he sat down, his disciples came to him.2Then he began to speak, and taught them, s ... View more

Matt 4:8

8Again, the devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their splendor;

Mark 9:2

The Transfiguration
2Six days later, Jesus took with him Peter and James and John, and led them up a high mountain apart, by themselves. And he was transfigured ... View more

Matt 14:23

23And after he had dismissed the crowds, he went up the mountain by himself to pray. When evening came, he was there alone,

Mark 6:46

46After saying farewell to them, he went up on the mountain to pray.

Luke 6:12

Jesus Chooses the Twelve Apostles
12Now during those days he went out to the mountain to pray; and he spent the night in prayer to God.

Luke 9:28

The Transfiguration
28Now about eight days after these sayings Jesus took with him Peter and John and James, and went up on the mountain to pray.

John 6:15

15When Jesus realized that they were about to come and take him by force to make him king, he withdrew again to the mountain by himself.

Mark 11:1

Jesus' Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem
1When they were approaching Jerusalem, at Bethphage and Bethany, near the Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples

Luke 19:29

29When he had come near Bethphage and Bethany, at the place called the Mount of Olives, he sent two of the disciples,

Luke 24:50

The Ascension of Jesus
50Then he led them out as far as Bethany, and, lifting up his hands, he blessed them.

Acts 1:9-12

9When he had said this, as they were watching, he was lifted up, and a cloud took him out of their sight.10While he was going and they were gazing up toward hea ... View more

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