Mizpah

Mizpah (Miz´puh; Heb., “watchtower”)

Also Mizpeh. 1 The land of Mizpah (Josh 11:3; Josh 11:8); this was in the north of Palestine near Mt. Hermon. After Jabin, king of Hazor, was defeated by Joshua, he fled eastward to the valley of Mizpah. This same Mizpah is defined a few verses earlier as the dwelling place of the Hivites, under Mt. Hermon. 2 Mizpah of Gilead, the name given to the site of the covenant between Laban and Jacob when Jacob returned to Palestine (Gen 31:49). At this same Mizpah, the Israelites entered into covenant with Jephthah to be their leader (Judg 11:11). 3 Mizpeh of Judah, one of the cities in the Shephelah assigned to Judah in the tribal division of the land (Josh 15:38). 4 Mizpeh of Moab, an unknown site in Moab where David placed his parents under the protection of the king of Moab when Saul was pursuing him (1Sam 22:3). 5 Mizpah of Benjamin, a town on the border of Judah and Israel. It was the assembly point for the Israelite tribes going against Gibeah of Benjamin (Judg 20:1-48). Mizpah was also on the circuit made annually by Samuel when he was judging Israel (1Sam 7:16-17). King Asa made Mizpah a fortified city after the heavy fighting between Israel and Judah (1Kgs 15:17-22). After the fall of Jerusalem (587 BCE), Mizpah became the Babylonian provincial capital. Gedaliah was made provincial governor, but was assassinated at Mizpah by Ishmael and a band of nationalistic zealots.

Josh 11:3

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Josh 11:8

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Gen 31:49

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Judg 11:11

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Josh 15:38

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1Sam 22:3

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Judg 20:1-48

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1Sam 7:16-17

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1Kgs 15:17-22

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