Mizpah (Miz´puh; Heb., “watchtower”)

Also Mizpeh. 1 The land of Mizpah (Josh 11:3; Josh 11:8); this was in the north of Palestine near Mt. Hermon. After Jabin, king of Hazor, was defeated by Joshua, he fled eastward to the valley of Mizpah. This same Mizpah is defined a few verses earlier as the dwelling place of the Hivites, under Mt. Hermon. 2 Mizpah of Gilead, the name given to the site of the covenant between Laban and Jacob when Jacob returned to Palestine (Gen 31:49). At this same Mizpah, the Israelites entered into covenant with Jephthah to be their leader (Judg 11:11). 3 Mizpeh of Judah, one of the cities in the Shephelah assigned to Judah in the tribal division of the land (Josh 15:38). 4 Mizpeh of Moab, an unknown site in Moab where David placed his parents under the protection of the king of Moab when Saul was pursuing him (1Sam 22:3). 5 Mizpah of Benjamin, a town on the border of Judah and Israel. It was the assembly point for the Israelite tribes going against Gibeah of Benjamin (Judg 20:1-48). Mizpah was also on the circuit made annually by Samuel when he was judging Israel (1Sam 7:16-17). King Asa made Mizpah a fortified city after the heavy fighting between Israel and Judah (1Kgs 15:17-22). After the fall of Jerusalem (587 BCE), Mizpah became the Babylonian provincial capital. Gedaliah was made provincial governor, but was assassinated at Mizpah by Ishmael and a band of nationalistic zealots.

Josh 11:3

3to the Canaanites in the east and the west, the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, and the Jebusites in the hill country, and the Hivites under Hermon in ... View more

Josh 11:8

8And the Lord handed them over to Israel, who attacked them and chased them as far as Great Sidon and Misrephoth-maim, and eastward as far as the valley of Mizp ... View more

Gen 31:49

49and the pillar Mizpah, for he said, “The Lord watch between you and me, when we are absent one from the other.

Judg 11:11

11So Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made him head and commander over them; and Jephthah spoke all his words before the Lord at Mizpah.

Josh 15:38

38Dilan, Mizpeh, Jokthe-el,

1Sam 22:3

3David went from there to Mizpeh of Moab. He said to the king of Moab, “Please let my father and mother come to you, until I know what God will do for me.”

Judg 20:1-48

The Other Tribes Attack Benjamin
1Then all the Israelites came out, from Dan to Beer-sheba, including the land of Gilead, and the congregation assembled in one ... View more

1Sam 7:16-17

16He went on a circuit year by year to Bethel, Gilgal, and Mizpah; and he judged Israel in all these places.17Then he would come back to Ramah, for his home was ... View more

1Kgs 15:17-22

17King Baasha of Israel went up against Judah, and built Ramah, to prevent anyone from going out or coming in to King Asa of Judah.18Then Asa took all the silve ... View more

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