Reflective devices used primarily to view one’s face. During the biblical period mirrors were made not of glass, but of highly polished metal, e.g., silver, gold, copper, or bronze. Textual references also suggest this, since mirrors were even melted down (Exod 38:8; Job 37:18; Isa 3:23). The poor quality of the mirror, used metaphorically by Paul to denote a cloudy reflection (1Cor 13:12), seems also to suggest metal, rather than glass.

Exod 38:8

8He made the basin of bronze with its stand of bronze, from the mirrors of the women who served at the entrance to the tent of meeting.

Job 37:18

18Can you, like him, spread out the skies,
hard as a molten mirror?

Isa 3:23

23the garments of gauze, the linen garments, the turbans, and the veils.

1Cor 13:12

12For now we see in a mirror, dimly, but then we will see face to face. Now I know only in part; then I will know fully, even as I have been fully known.

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