mill

mill

Any of a variety of installations for grinding food grains (Isa 47:2; Matt 24:41) or other foodstuffs (Num 11:8). The normal domestic form of a mill was a saddle quern of limestone or basalt and a hand-held grinding stone. The grain was placed on the saddle and rubbed by back and forth motions of the hand grinder until it reached the desired fineness. Larger communal or industrial installations comprised an upper (movable) and a lower (stable) millstone between which the grain would be placed or fed through a hollow in the upper stone. The upper stone was rotated by human (Lam 5:13), prison (Judg 16:21), or animal labor. Everyday household grinding might be done by servants (Exod 11:5), and the portability of an upper millstone is evident in its use as a weapon on occasion (Judg 9:53; 2Sam 11:21). That it could function as a device for execution is reflected in Jesus’s comment in (Mark 9:42; Matt 18:6; and Luke 17:2).

Isa 47:2

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Matt 24:41

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Num 11:8

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Lam 5:13

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Judg 16:21

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Exod 11:5

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Judg 9:53

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2Sam 11:21

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Mark 9:42

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Matt 18:6

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Luke 17:2

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