Menahem (Men´uh-hem)

A king of Israel in the third quarter of the eighth century BCE. Menahem, son of Gadi, was a usurper from the former capital, Tirzah (2Kgs 15:14). He assassinated Shallum, who had slain his own predecessor one month earlier, and ruled in Samaria for ten years. Menahem paid tribute to King Tiglath-pileser III during his first western campaign (see 2Kgs 15:19-20), where Tiglath-pileser is called by his Babylonian throne name, “Pul”). Menahem raised “a thousand talents of silver” by imposing a levy on the wealthy citizens of Israel. His purpose was to win the favor of Tiglath-pileser, “that he might help him to confirm his hold on the royal power.” Menahem died soon afterward, and his son, Pekahiah, fell victim to a conspiracy within two years (2Kgs 15:25).

2Kgs 15:14

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2Kgs 15:19-20

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2Kgs 15:25

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