Various physical and abstract entities in the Bible, such as stones, words, and days, intended to serve as reminders to people and to God of some word or event. Theophanies (Gen 28:18-22; Exod 24:4), God’s splitting the Jordan River (Josh 4:4-24), and serious sins (Num 16:40) are commemorated through physical memorials. The celebration of the Passover day memorializes God’s salvation of Israel (Exod 12:14). In secular life, memorials mark grave sites (Gen 35:20), especially when someone dies childless (2Sam 18:18; Isa 56:5). Written words serve as memorials in the phylacteries (Exod 13:9) and in the narrative of Amalek’s defeat (Exod 17:14). God is also reminded of his covenant with Israel by the written word (Mal 3:16), though visual cues, such as the shoulder pieces of the ephod of the priestly breastplate (Exod 28:12; Exod 28:29), and the aural cue of the blasting trumpet (Num 10:10) are also used. In the NT, prayer and alms can serve as a memorial (Acts 10:4), and Luke and Paul claim that the Last Supper is a meal intended to be repeated as a remembrance of Jesus (Luke 22:19; 1Cor 11:24).

Gen 28:18-22

18So Jacob rose early in the morning, and he took the stone that he had put under his head and set it up for a pillar and poured oil on the top of it.19He calle ... View more

Exod 24:4

4And Moses wrote down all the words of the Lord. He rose early in the morning, and built an altar at the foot of the mountain, and set up twelve pillars, corres ... View more

Josh 4:4-24

4Then Joshua summoned the twelve men from the Israelites, whom he had appointed, one from each tribe.5Joshua said to them, “Pass on before the ark of the Lord y ... View more

Num 16:40

40a reminder to the Israelites that no outsider, who is not of the descendants of Aaron, shall approach to offer incense before the Lord, so as not to become li ... View more

Exod 12:14

14This day shall be a day of remembrance for you. You shall celebrate it as a festival to the Lord; throughout your generations you shall observe it as a perpet ... View more

Gen 35:20

20and Jacob set up a pillar at her grave; it is the pillar of Rachel's tomb, which is there to this day.

2Sam 18:18

18Now Absalom in his lifetime had taken and set up for himself a pillar that is in the King's Valley, for he said, “I have no son to keep my name in remembrance ... View more

Isa 56:5

5I will give, in my house and within my walls,
a monument and a name
better than sons and daughters;
I will give them an everlasting name
that shall not be cut ... View more

Exod 13:9

9It shall serve for you as a sign on your hand and as a reminder on your forehead, so that the teaching of the Lord may be on your lips; for with a strong hand ... View more

Exod 17:14

14Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write this as a reminder in a book and recite it in the hearing of Joshua: I will utterly blot out the remembrance of Amalek fro ... View more

Mal 3:16

The Reward of the Faithful
16Then those who revered the Lord spoke with one another. The Lord took note and listened, and a book of remembrance was written befo ... View more

Exod 28:12

12You shall set the two stones on the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, as stones of remembrance for the sons of Israel; and Aaron shall bear their names before the ... View more

Exod 28:29

29So Aaron shall bear the names of the sons of Israel in the breastpiece of judgment on his heart when he goes into the holy place, for a continual remembrance ... View more

Num 10:10

10Also on your days of rejoicing, at your appointed festivals, and at the beginnings of your months, you shall blow the trumpets over your burnt offerings and o ... View more

Acts 10:4

4He stared at him in terror and said, “What is it, Lord?” He answered, “Your prayers and your alms have ascended as a memorial before God.

Luke 22:19

19Then he took a loaf of bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in reme ... View more

1Cor 11:24

24and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, “This is my body that is for you. Do this in remembrance of me.”

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