mediation, mediator

mediation, mediator

The activity (and person performing it) of functioning as a go-between or intermediary between two people or parties. In religion, mediation usually refers to a person who represents the community in contacts with divine beings. In the OT the priests are the primary religious mediators between humans and God, but Israelite history records how other OT leaders also filled this role: Abraham (Gen 12:7-8; Gen 18:22-33); Jacob (Gen 35:1-15); Moses (Exod 32:30-34); Joshua (Josh 24:14-28); Samuel (1Sam 8-12); and Solomon (1Kgs 8:22-53). The prophets who acted as God’s messengers in bringing God’s word to the people also acted as mediators in effecting reconciliation between the people and God (Jer 14:1-9). In the NT Jesus is the unique mediator who reconciles sinful humans to God. The term “mediator” is explicitly applied to him four times (1Tim 2:5-6; Heb 8:6; Heb 9:15; Heb 12:24). Consequently, believers are instructed to pray in Jesus’s name to God (John 14:13).

Gen 12:7-8

7Then the Lord appeared to Abram, and said, “To your offspring I will give this land.” So he built there an altar to the Lord, who had appeared to him.8From the ... View more

Gen 18:22-33

22So the men turned from there, and went toward Sodom, while Abraham remained standing before the Lord.23Then Abraham came near and said, “Will you indeed sweep ... View more

Gen 35:1-15

Jacob Returns to Bethel
1God said to Jacob, “Arise, go up to Bethel, and settle there. Make an altar there to the God who appeared to you when you fled from you ... View more

Exod 32:30-34

30On the next day Moses said to the people, “You have sinned a great sin. But now I will go up to the Lord; perhaps I can make atonement for your sin.”31So Mose ... View more

Josh 24:14-28

14“Now therefore revere the Lord, and serve him in sincerity and in faithfulness; put away the gods that your ancestors served beyond the River and in Egypt, an ... View more

1Sam 8-12

Israel Demands a King
1When Samuel became old, he made his sons judges over Israel.2The name of his firstborn son was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; ... View more

1Kgs 8:22-53

Solomon's Prayer of Dedication
22Then Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord in the presence of all the assembly of Israel, and spread out his hands to heav ... View more

Jer 14:1-9

The Great Drought
1The word of the Lord that came to Jeremiah concerning the drought:2Judah mourns
and her gates languish;
they lie in gloom on the ground,
and ... View more

1Tim 2:5-6

5For
there is one God;
there is also one mediator between God and humankind,
Christ Jesus, himself human,6who gave himself a ransom for all
—this was attested a ... View more

Heb 8:6

6But Jesus has now obtained a more excellent ministry, and to that degree he is the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted through better promise ... View more

Heb 9:15

15For this reason he is the mediator of a new covenant, so that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance, because a death has occurred ... View more

Heb 12:24

24and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel.

John 14:13

13I will do whatever you ask in my name, so that the Father may be glorified in the Son.

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