An agricultural tool with a double-bladed metal head, often made with one blade attached at a hoelike angle and the other in an axelike position. Farmers used the mattock to loosen soil and dig weeds in fields and terraced vineyards (Isa 5:6; Isa 7:5). The NRSV uses “mattock” only in (1Sam 13:20-21), a passage that says the Hebrews were obliged to take their farm implements to the Philistines for sharpening. The tool might also be referenced in (2Chr 34:6 and Isa 7:25).

Isa 5:6

6I will make it a waste;
it shall not be pruned or hoed,
and it shall be overgrown with briers and thorns;
I will also command the clouds
that they rain no rain ... View more

Isa 7:5

5Because Aram—with Ephraim and the son of Remaliah—has plotted evil against you, saying,

1Sam 13:20-21

20so all the Israelites went down to the Philistines to sharpen their plowshare, mattocks, axes, or sickles;21The charge was two-thirds of a shekel for the plow ... View more

2Chr 34:6

6In the towns of Manasseh, Ephraim, and Simeon, and as far as Naphtali, in their ruins all around,

Isa 7:25

25and as for all the hills that used to be hoed with a hoe, you will not go there for fear of briers and thorns; but they will become a place where cattle are l ... View more

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