And Meribah (mas´uh, mair´i-bah), according to tradition the spring in the wilderness where Israel tested the Lord. Following the gift of manna to the people in the wilderness, the people of Israel complained about the need for water. The Lord instructed Moses to strike a rock with his rod in order to provide for their needs. Moses named the place Massah (“Test”) and Meribah (“Quarrel”), because there the Hebrews tested and quarreled with the Lord (Exod 17:7; Deut 6:16; Deut 9:22; Deut 33:8; Ps 95:8).
7He called the place Massah and Meribah, because the Israelites quarreled and tested the Lord, saying, “Is the Lord among us or not?”
16Do not put the Lord your God to the test, as you tested him at Massah.
22At Taberah also, and at Massah, and at Kibroth-hattaavah, you provoked the Lord to wrath.
8And of Levi he said:
Give to Levi your Thummim,
and your Urim to your loyal one,
whom you tested at Massah,
with whom you contended at the waters of Meribah;
8Do not harden your hearts, as at Meribah,
as on the day at Massah in the wilderness,