Mary, The Virgin

Mary, The Virgin

The wife of Joseph, known as “the Virgin” because of her virginal conception of Jesus. Paul refers to her obliquely in describing Jesus as “born of a woman, born under the law” (Gal 4:4). Otherwise, she is portrayed somewhat negatively in Mark, less so in Matthew, and positively in Luke. (Matt 1:18-25 and Luke 1:26-56; Luke 2:1-38) give differing birth stories, but both include the virginal conception, announced to Joseph in a dream in (Matt 1:18, Matt 1:25) and to Mary by the angel Gabriel in (Luke 1:26-38). Mary, as God’s servant, accepts the angel’s announcement (Luke 1:38) and travels from Nazareth to Judea, to her pregnant kinswoman Elizabeth, who hails her as “blessed among women” and “the mother of my Lord” (Luke 1:39-45). Mary responds with a hymn of praise (Luke 1:46-55; the Magnificat). Later, the aged Simeon and Anna acknowledge the Messiah’s birth (Luke 2:25-38), and Simeon tells Mary, “a sword will pierce through your soul also” (Luke 2:35). In stories dealing with the adult Jesus, Mary is portrayed somewhat negatively in an account in which she and Jesus’s brothers attempt to seize Jesus (Mark 3:21-30), leading him to describe his disciples as his true family (Mark 3:33-35). But Luke includes Mary among the women disciples praying in the upper room with the Twelve (Acts 1:14) and also as one who received the Holy Spirit at Pentecost (Acts 2:1-4). Jesus’s mother is unnamed in John’s Gospel, but her belief in Jesus’s power is demonstrated at the wedding in Cana (John 2:1-11), though he initially resists her appeal (John 2:4). Later, she appears at the cross with the Beloved Disciple, whom Jesus commends to his mother as her son, and this “son” to her as “mother.” She is then taken into his home (John 19:25-27).

Gal 4:4

4But when the fullness of time had come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under the law,

Matt 1:18-25

The Birth of Jesus the Messiah
18Now the birth of Jesus the Messiah took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been engaged to Joseph, but before they liv ... View more

Luke 1:26-56

The Birth of Jesus Foretold
26In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth,27to a virgin engaged to a man whose nam ... View more

Luke 2:1-38

The Birth of Jesus
1In those days a decree went out from Emperor Augustus that all the world should be registered.2This was the first registration and was taken ... View more

Matt 1:18

The Birth of Jesus the Messiah
18Now the birth of Jesus the Messiah took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been engaged to Joseph, but before they liv ... View more

Matt 1:25

25but had no marital relations with her until she had borne a son; and he named him Jesus.

Luke 1:26-38

The Birth of Jesus Foretold
26In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth,27to a virgin engaged to a man whose nam ... View more

Luke 1:38

38Then Mary said, “Here am I, the servant of the Lord; let it be with me according to your word.” Then the angel departed from her.

Luke 1:39-45

Mary Visits Elizabeth
39In those days Mary set out and went with haste to a Judean town in the hill country,40where she entered the house of Zechariah and greet ... View more

Luke 1:46-55

Mary's Song of Praise
46And Mary said,
“My soul magnifies the Lord,47and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior,48for he has looked with favor on the lowliness of ... View more

Luke 2:25-38

25Now there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon; this man was righteous and devout, looking forward to the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit r ... View more

Luke 2:35

35so that the inner thoughts of many will be revealed—and a sword will pierce your own soul too.”

Mark 3:21-30

21When his family heard it, they went out to restrain him, for people were saying, “He has gone out of his mind.”22And the scribes who came down from Jerusalem ... View more

Mark 3:33-35

33And he replied, “Who are my mother and my brothers?”34And looking at those who sat around him, he said, “Here are my mother and my brothers!35Whoever does the ... View more

Acts 1:14

14All these were constantly devoting themselves to prayer, together with certain women, including Mary the mother of Jesus, as well as his brothers.

Acts 2:1-4

The Coming of the Holy Spirit
1When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place.2And suddenly from heaven there came a sound like the rus ... View more

John 2:1-11

The Wedding at Cana
1On the third day there was a wedding in Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there.2Jesus and his disciples had also been invited t ... View more

John 2:4

4And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what concern is that to you and to me? My hour has not yet come.”

John 19:25-27

25And that is what the soldiers did.
Meanwhile, standing near the cross of Jesus were his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Mag ... View more

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