lying

lying

The act of telling falsehoods as truth. Israel is exhorted against using God’s name for false oaths and lying on the witness stand in the Ten Commandments (Exod 20:7; Exod 20:16; Deut 5:11; Deut 5:20). Witnesses who testify falsely will receive the punishment that would have been meted out to their accused (Deut 19:15-21). Indeed, all falsehoods are prohibited by the Torah (Exod 23:7; Lev 19:11). Persons who lie, and thereby defraud their neighbor, must pay restitution for the property loss plus a fine to the owner, and they must also bring a sacrificial offering before they are forgiven by God (Lev 6:1-7). Lying is thus an abomination to God (Prov 12:22; Ps 119:163), for God never lies (Num 23:19; 1Sam 15:29). False prophets are singled out for particular condemnation (Isa 9:15; Jer 23:9-32; Ezek 13), since their lies may influence the people to oppose God’s will. The penalty for false prophecy is death (Deut 18:20-22; Jer 28). Likewise, in the NT, the “father of lies” is the devil (John 8:44), and Paul condemns those who worship idols because they have exchanged the truth about God for a lie (Rom 1:25).

Exod 20:7

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Exod 20:16

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Deut 5:11

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Deut 5:20

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Deut 19:15-21

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Exod 23:7

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Lev 19:11

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Lev 6:1-7

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Prov 12:22

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Ps 119:163

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Num 23:19

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1Sam 15:29

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Isa 9:15

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Jer 23:9-32

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Ezek 13

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Deut 18:20-22

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Jer 28

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John 8:44

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Rom 1:25

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