lampstand

lampstand (Heb. menorah)

An object that supported one or more oil lamps. Although such stands could be made of stone, pottery, or wood, the biblical passages dealing with lampstands, with one exception (2Kgs 4:10), present golden lampstands intended for ritual usage. Four successive lampstand traditions can be identified. First, the tabernacle texts describe a single golden lampstand composed of a central, cylindrical stand with three pairs of branches and elaborate floral decorations (Exod 25:31-40; Exod 37:17-24). Second, ten golden lampstands (1Kgs 7:49), for which no branches are specified, stood in the Solomonic Temple. Third, the rebuilt Temple of the late sixth century evidently resumed the single lampstand tradition (Zech 4:1-6; Zech 11-14:1). Fourth, the apocalyptic vision in the book of Revelation expands the single golden lampstand to seven (Rev 1:12-13), although in (Rev 11:4) two lampstands are suggested to match the two trees that flank the stands in (Zech 4:11).

2Kgs 4:10

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Exod 25:31-40

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Exod 37:17-24

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1Kgs 7:49

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Zech 4:1-6

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Zech 11-14:1

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Rev 1:12-13

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Rev 11:4

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Zech 4:11

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