Kings, First and Second

Kings, First and Second

The eleventh and twelfth books of the OT. They present the major history of the Israelite monarchy, covering the four centuries from the death of David and the succession of Solomon (ca. 965 BCE) to the destruction of Jerusalem and the exile (586 BCE).


Outline of Contents

1 and 2 Kings

I. The reign of Solomon (1Kgs 1:1-11:43)

A. Solomon’s appointment as king; David’s death; consolidation of power (1Kgs 1:1-2:46)

B. Solomon’s endowment with wisdom; the king’s wise judgments (1Kgs 3:1-28)

C. Organization of the kingdom; wealth and wisdom (1Kgs 4:1-5:14)

D. Building and dedication of the Temple and the royal palaces (1Kgs 5:15-8:66)

E. Solomon’s vision; eternal dynasty conditioned upon obedience to the law (1Kgs 9:1-9)

F. Administration of the kingdom; visit of Queen of Sheba (1Kgs 9:10-10:29)

G. Solomon’s apostasy, adversaries, and death (1Kgs 11:1-4)

II. The Divided Monarchy (1Kgs 12:1-2; 1Kgs 17:4)

A. Division of the kingdom; rebellion of Jeroboam in Israel against Rehoboam (1Kgs 12:1-33)

B. Prophetic activity during Jeroboam’s reign (1Kgs 13:1-14:20)

C. Synchronized history of Israel and Judah, the early ninth century BCE (1Kgs 14:21-16:1).

D. Rise and downfall of the house of Omri; reign of Ahab; the prophets Elijah and Elisha; the rebellion of Jehu (1Kings 16:15-2Kings 10:31)

E. Synchronized history of Israel and Judah, mid-ninth–mid-eighth century (2Kgs 10:32-16:20)

F. The end of the Northern Kingdom, Israel, 720 BCE (2Kgs 17:1-23)

G. The community in Samaria under the Assyrians (2Kgs 17:24-41)

III. The kingdom of Judah (2Kgs 18:1-25:30)

A. Hezekiah: cult reform and Sennacherib’s attack on Jerusalem (2Kgs 18:1-20:21)

B. The apostasy of Manasseh and Amon, the seventh century BCE (2Kgs 21:1-26)

C. Josiah: discovery of the book of law; cultic reform (2Kgs 22:1-23:30)

D. Jehoahaz and Jehoiakim (2Kgs 23:31-24:7)

E. The end of the kingdom of Judah; the exile of 597 BCE; the destruction of Jerusalem, 586 BCE (2Kgs 24:8-25:21)

F. Gedaliah as Babylonian governor; the release of Jehoiachin from prison (2Kgs 25:22-30)

1Kgs 1:1-11:43

The Struggle for the Succession
1King David was old and advanced in years; and although they covered him with clothes, he could not get warm.2So his servants sa ... View more

1Kgs 1:1-2:46

The Struggle for the Succession
1King David was old and advanced in years; and although they covered him with clothes, he could not get warm.2So his servants sa ... View more

1Kgs 3:1-28

Solomon's Prayer for Wisdom
1Solomon made a marriage alliance with Pharaoh king of Egypt; he took Pharaoh's daughter and brought her into the city of David, unt ... View more

1Kgs 4:1-5:14

Solomon's Administrative Officers
1King Solomon was king over all Israel,2and these were his high officials: Azariah son of Zadok was the priest;3Elihoreph and ... View more

1Kgs 5:15-8:66

15Solomon also had seventy thousand laborers and eighty thousand stonecutters in the hill country,16besides Solomon's three thousand three hundred supervisors w ... View more

1Kgs 9:1-9

God Appears Again to Solomon
1When Solomon had finished building the house of the Lord and the king's house and all that Solomon desired to build,2the Lord appe ... View more

1Kgs 9:10-10:29

10At the end of twenty years, in which Solomon had built the two houses, the house of the Lord and the king's house,11King Hiram of Tyre having supplied Solomon ... View more

1Kgs 11:1-4

Solomon's Errors
1King Solomon loved many foreign women along with the daughter of Pharaoh: Moabite, Ammonite, Edomite, Sidonian, and Hittite women,2from the na ... View more

1Kgs 12:1-2

The Northern Tribes Secede
1Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all Israel had come to Shechem to make him king.2When Jeroboam son of Nebat heard of it (for he was st ... View more

1Kgs 17:4

4You shall drink from the wadi, and I have commanded the ravens to feed you there.”

1Kgs 12:1-33

The Northern Tribes Secede
1Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all Israel had come to Shechem to make him king.2When Jeroboam son of Nebat heard of it (for he was st ... View more

1Kgs 13:1-14:20

A Man of God from Judah
1While Jeroboam was standing by the altar to offer incense, a man of God came out of Judah by the word of the Lord to Bethel2and proclai ... View more

1Kgs 14:21-16:1

Rehoboam Reigns over Judah
21Now Rehoboam son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was forty-one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen yea ... View more

2Kgs 10:32-16:20

Death of Jehu
32In those days the Lord began to trim off parts of Israel. Hazael defeated them throughout the territory of Israel:33from the Jordan eastward, al ... View more

2Kgs 17:1-23

Hoshea Reigns over Israel
1In the twelfth year of King Ahaz of Judah, Hoshea son of Elah began to reign in Samaria over Israel; he reigned nine years.2He did wh ... View more

2Kgs 17:24-41

Assyria Resettles Samaria
24The king of Assyria brought people from Babylon, Cuthah, Avva, Hamath, and Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria in p ... View more

2Kgs 18:1-25:30

Hezekiah's Reign over Judah
1In the third year of King Hoshea son of Elah of Israel, Hezekiah son of King Ahaz of Judah began to reign.2He was twenty-five years ... View more

2Kgs 18:1-20:21

Hezekiah's Reign over Judah
1In the third year of King Hoshea son of Elah of Israel, Hezekiah son of King Ahaz of Judah began to reign.2He was twenty-five years ... View more

2Kgs 21:1-26

Manasseh Reigns over Judah
1Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign; he reigned fifty-five years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Hephzibah.2He ... View more

2Kgs 22:1-23:30

Josiah Reigns over Judah
1Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign; he reigned thirty-one years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Jedidah daughter of ... View more

2Kgs 23:31-24:7

Reign and Captivity of Jehoahaz
31Jehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he began to reign; he reigned three months in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Hamuta ... View more

2Kgs 24:8-25:21

Reign and Captivity of Jehoiachin
8Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign; he reigned three months in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Nehusht ... View more

2Kgs 25:22-30

Gedaliah Made Governor of Judah
22He appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam son of Shaphan as governor over the people who remained in the land of Judah, whom King Ne ... View more

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