Judgment, Day of

Judgment, Day of

A term found mainly in the NT referring to the time when God or the Messiah (or the Son of Man) will punish the wicked and redeem the righteous. In the OT, God is regarded as the Judge of all the earth (Gen 18:25; Ps 9:7-8). God’s judgment is often invoked on individuals (Gen 16:5) or nations (Judg 11:27). Psalm writers, particularly, looked for God to reward the righteous, whether individuals (Ps 1:5-6), nations (Ps 110:6), the needy and oppressed (Ps 72:2-4; Ps 103:6), or the whole world (Ps 96:13). Many prophets spoke of the Day of the Lord, when, because of their wickedness, God would punish other nations (Obad 1), Israel (Amos 5:18-20), Judah (Joel 1:15), or all the inhabitants of the earth (Zeph 1:14-18). (Joel 2:30-32) and (Mal 4:5-6) suggest that those who repent beforehand may be spared. According to the first three Gospels, Jesus spoke frequently of the coming judgment. The term “day of judgment” appears in (Matt 10:15; Matt 11:22, Matt 11:24; Matt 12:36, Matt 7:22; Matt 12:41; Matt 12:42; Mark 13:17; Mark 13:19; Mark 13:24; Luke 10:14; Luke 17:31; Luke 21:34-35). Many of Jesus’s parables (Matt 18:23-35) and other sayings (Matt 25:31-46; Mark 10:17-25) called his hearers to repentance so that, at the judgment, they might be found fit to enter the kingdom of God. The term “day of judgment” also appears in (2Pet 2:9; 2Pet 3:7; and 1John 4:1; (Acts 17:31; Rom 2:16; 1Cor 1:8; 2Cor 1:14; Phil 1:6; Phil 1:10; Phil 2:16; 1Thess 5:2-4; 2Thess 2:2; 2Tim 1:18; 2Tim 4:1-8; 2Pet 3:10-12; Jude 1:6, Rev 14:7). Exactly how Paul’s ideas about the coming judgment are to be reconciled with his doctrine of “justification through faith” (Gal 2:15-16; Gal 3:1-14; Rom 3:21-4:25) is not completely clear (but cf. 1Cor 3:10-15), but he insists that only those who lived rightly could hope for a favorable decision at the judgment (Rom 2:1-8; 2Cor 5:6-10; Gal 5:16-21; so also Rev 20:12-13).

Gen 18:25

25Far be it from you to do such a thing, to slay the righteous with the wicked, so that the righteous fare as the wicked! Far be that from you! Shall not the Ju ... View more

Ps 9:7-8

7But the Lord sits enthroned forever,
he has established his throne for judgment.8He judges the world with righteousness;
he judges the peoples with equity.

Gen 16:5

5Then Sarai said to Abram, “May the wrong done to me be on you! I gave my slave-girl to your embrace, and when she saw that she had conceived, she looked on me ... View more

Judg 11:27

27It is not I who have sinned against you, but you are the one who does me wrong by making war on me. Let the Lord, who is judge, decide today for the Israelite ... View more

Ps 1:5-6

5Therefore the wicked will not stand in the judgment,
nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous;6for the Lord watches over the way of the righteous,
but ... View more

Ps 110:6

6He will execute judgment among the nations,
filling them with corpses;
he will shatter heads
over the wide earth.

Ps 72:2-4

2May he judge your people with righteousness,
and your poor with justice.3May the mountains yield prosperity for the people,
and the hills, in righteousness.4Ma ... View more

Ps 103:6

6The Lord works vindication
and justice for all who are oppressed.

Ps 96:13

13before the Lord; for he is coming,
for he is coming to judge the earth.
He will judge the world with righteousness,
and the peoples with his truth.

Obad 1

Proud Edom Will Be Brought Low
1The vision of Obadiah.

Thus says the Lord GOD concerning Edom:
We have heard a report from the Lord,
and a messenger has been s ... View more

Amos 5:18-20

The Day of the Lord a Dark Day
18Alas for you who desire the day of the Lord!
Why do you want the day of the Lord?
It is darkness, not light;19as if someone fle ... View more

Joel 1:15

15Alas for the day!
For the day of the Lord is near,
and as destruction from the Almighty it comes.

Zeph 1:14-18

The Great Day of the Lord

14The great day of the Lord is near,
near and hastening fast;
the sound of the day of the Lord is bitter,
the warrior cries aloud the ... View more

Joel 2:30-32

30I will show portents in the heavens and on the earth, blood and fire and columns of smoke.31The sun shall be turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, before ... View more

Mal 4:5-6

5Lo, I will send you the prophet Elijah before the great and terrible day of the Lord comes.6He will turn the hearts of parents to their children and the hearts ... View more

Matt 10:15

15Truly I tell you, it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah on the day of judgment than for that town.

Matt 11:22

22But I tell you, on the day of judgment it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon than for you.

Matt 11:24

24But I tell you that on the day of judgment it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom than for you.”

Matt 12:36

36I tell you, on the day of judgment you will have to give an account for every careless word you utter;

Matt 7:22

22On that day many will say to me, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and cast out demons in your name, and do many deeds of power in your name?’

Matt 12:41

41The people of Nineveh will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at the proclamation of Jonah, and see, something ... View more

Matt 12:42

42The queen of the South will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to listen to the wisdom o ... View more

Mark 13:17

17Woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing infants in those days!

Mark 13:19

19For in those days there will be suffering, such as has not been from the beginning of the creation that God created until now, no, and never will be.

Mark 13:24

The Coming of the Son of Man
24“But in those days, after that suffering,
the sun will be darkened,
and the moon will not give its light,

Luke 10:14

14But at the judgment it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon than for you.

Luke 17:31

31On that day, anyone on the housetop who has belongings in the house must not come down to take them away; and likewise anyone in the field must not turn back.

Luke 21:34-35

Exhortation to Watch
34“Be on guard so that your hearts are not weighed down with dissipation and drunkenness and the worries of this life, and that day catch y ... View more

Matt 18:23-35

The Parable of the Unforgiving Servant
23“For this reason the kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who wished to settle accounts with his slaves.24When h ... View more

Matt 25:31-46

The Judgment of the Nations
31“When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on the throne of his glory.32All the nation ... View more

Mark 10:17-25

The Rich Man
17As he was setting out on a journey, a man ran up and knelt before him, and asked him, “Good Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?”18Je ... View more

2Pet 2:9

9then the Lord knows how to rescue the godly from trial, and to keep the unrighteous under punishment until the day of judgment

2Pet 3:7

7But by the same word the present heavens and earth have been reserved for fire, being kept until the day of judgment and destruction of the godless.

1John 4:1

Testing the Spirits
1Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God; for many false prophets have gone out into the ... View more

Acts 17:31

31because he has fixed a day on which he will have the world judged in righteousness by a man whom he has appointed, and of this he has given assurance to all b ... View more

Rom 2:16

16on the day when, according to my gospel, God, through Jesus Christ, will judge the secret thoughts of all.

1Cor 1:8

8He will also strengthen you to the end, so that you may be blameless on the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.

2Cor 1:14

14as you have already understood us in part—that on the day of the Lord Jesus we are your boast even as you are our boast.

Phil 1:6

6I am confident of this, that the one who began a good work among you will bring it to completion by the day of Jesus Christ.

Phil 1:10

10to help you to determine what is best, so that in the day of Christ you may be pure and blameless,

Phil 2:16

16It is by your holding fast to the word of life that I can boast on the day of Christ that I did not run in vain or labor in vain.

1Thess 5:2-4

2For you yourselves know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night.3When they say, “There is peace and security,” then sudden destr ... View more

2Thess 2:2

2not to be quickly shaken in mind or alarmed, either by spirit or by word or by letter, as though from us, to the effect that the day of the Lord is already her ... View more

2Tim 1:18

18—may the Lord grant that he will find mercy from the Lord on that day! And you know very well how much service he rendered in Ephesus.

2Tim 4:1-8

1In the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead, and in view of his appearing and his kingdom, I solemnly urge you:2proclai ... View more

2Pet 3:10-12

10But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, and then the heavens will pass away with a loud noise, and the elements will be dissolved with fire, and the e ... View more

Jude 1:6

6And the angels who did not keep their own position, but left their proper dwelling, he has kept in eternal chains in deepest darkness for the judgment of the g ... View more

Rev 14:7

7He said in a loud voice, “Fear God and give him glory, for the hour of his judgment has come; and worship him who made heaven and earth, the sea and the spring ... View more

Gal 2:15-16

Jews and Gentiles Are Saved by Faith
15We ourselves are Jews by birth and not Gentile sinners;16yet we know that a person is justified not by the works of the l ... View more

Gal 3:1-14

Law or Faith
1You foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you? It was before your eyes that Jesus Christ was publicly exhibited as crucified!2The only thing I want ... View more

Rom 3:21-4:25

Righteousness through Faith
21But now, apart from law, the righteousness of God has been disclosed, and is attested by the law and the prophets,22the righteousn ... View more

1Cor 3:10-15

10According to the grace of God given to me, like a skilled master builder I laid a foundation, and someone else is building on it. Each builder must choose wit ... View more

Rom 2:1-8

The Righteous Judgment of God
1Therefore you have no excuse, whoever you are, when you judge others; for in passing judgment on another you condemn yourself, be ... View more

2Cor 5:6-10

6So we are always confident; even though we know that while we are at home in the body we are away from the Lord—7for we walk by faith, not by sight.8Yes, we do ... View more

Gal 5:16-21

The Works of the Flesh
16Live by the Spirit, I say, and do not gratify the desires of the flesh.17For what the flesh desires is opposed to the Spirit, and what ... View more

Rev 20:12-13

12And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Also another book was opened, the book of life. And the dead were judg ... View more

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.