Jotham (Joh´thuhm; Heb., “Yah[weh] is perfect”)

1 The youngest of seventy sons of Jerubbaal (Gideon). He alone escaped when his brother Abimelech conspired to be crowned king at Shechem and killed the remaining sons of Jerubbaal (Judg 8:29-9:5). After hearing that the men of Shechem had made Abimelech king (Judg 9:6), Jotham went to the top of Mt. Gerizim near Shechem and, speaking loudly enough to be heard in the valley below, denounced the selection of Abimelech as king by telling the fable of the trees who foolishly selected a thorn bush as their king instead of a more worthy tree (Judg 9:7-21). The curse pronounced against the city of Shechem and Abimelech was fulfilled three years later by a civil war in which Shechem was leveled and Abimelech was killed by a millstone thrown from a wall (Judg 9:22-57). 2 The son of Uzziah (Azariah), and king of Judah ca. 750–734 BCE. The sixteen years of his reign included about eight years in which he served as regent for his father, who was struck with leprosy (2Kgs 15:5; 2Kgs 15:7; 2Chr 26:16-27:1). Jotham was given a rather mediocre evaluation as king by the writer of the book of Kings and a slightly better rating by the Chronicler. He is credited with several building projects as well as subjugating the Ammonites, and he prospered because “he ordered his ways before the Lord” (2Chr 27:4-6; 2Kgs 15:34). However, he failed to remove the high places where the people offered sacrifice to Baal (2Kgs 15:35; 2Chr 27:2). Late in his reign an alliance of Pekah of Israel (the Northern Kingdom) and Rezin of Syria threatened Judah with invasion, but Jotham died before the threat could be carried out. His son Ahaz bore the force of the invasion (2Kgs 15:37; 2Kgs 16:5). Jotham was contemporary with the prophets Hosea (Hos 1:1), Isaiah (Isa 1:1), and Micah (Mic 1:1). 3 The son of Jahdai, a Judahite of the clan of Caleb (1Chr 2:47).

Judg 8:29-9:5

Death of Gideon
29Jerubbaal son of Joash went to live in his own house.30Now Gideon had seventy sons, his own offspring, for he had many wives.31His concubine w ... View more

Judg 9:6

6Then all the lords of Shechem and all Beth-millo came together, and they went and made Abimelech king, by the oak of the pillar at Shechem.

Judg 9:7-21

The Parable of the Trees
7When it was told to Jotham, he went and stood on the top of Mount Gerizim, and cried aloud and said to them, “Listen to me, you lords ... View more

Judg 9:22-57

The Downfall of Abimelech
22Abimelech ruled over Israel three years.23But God sent an evil spirit between Abimelech and the lords of Shechem; and the lords of S ... View more

2Kgs 15:5

5The Lord struck the king, so that he was leprous to the day of his death, and lived in a separate house. Jotham the king's son was in charge of the palace, gov ... View more

2Kgs 15:7

7Azariah slept with his ancestors; they buried him with his ancestors in the city of David; his son Jotham succeeded him.

2Chr 26:16-27:1

Pride and Apostasy
16But when he had become strong he grew proud, to his destruction. For he was false to the Lord his God, and entered the temple of the Lord t ... View more

2Chr 27:4-6

4Moreover he built cities in the hill country of Judah, and forts and towers on the wooded hills.5He fought with the king of the Ammonites and prevailed against ... View more

2Kgs 15:34

34He did what was right in the sight of the Lord, just as his father Uzziah had done.

2Kgs 15:35

35Nevertheless the high places were not removed; the people still sacrificed and made offerings on the high places. He built the upper gate of the house of the ... View more

2Chr 27:2

2He did what was right in the sight of the Lord just as his father Uzziah had done—only he did not invade the temple of the Lord. But the people still followed ... View more

2Kgs 15:37

37In those days the Lord began to send King Rezin of Aram and Pekah son of Remaliah against Judah.

2Kgs 16:5

5Then King Rezin of Aram and King Pekah son of Remaliah of Israel came up to wage war on Jerusalem; they besieged Ahaz but could not conquer him.

Hos 1:1

1The word of the Lord that came to Hosea son of Beeri, in the days of Kings Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah of Judah, and in the days of King Jeroboam son of ... View more

Isa 1:1

1The vision of Isaiah son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.

Mic 1:1

1The word of the Lord that came to Micah of Moresheth in the days of Kings Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah of Judah, which he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem.

1Chr 2:47

47The sons of Jahdai: Regem, Jotham, Geshan, Pelet, Ephah, and Shaaph.

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