Joab (Joh´ab)

1 A Kenizzite, the son of Seraiah, and ancestor of a group of craftsmen called Geharashim (1Chr 4:14). 2 The second and most prominent of the three sons of David’s sister Zeruiah (1Chr 2:16). Joab was the commander of David’s army during much of his reign (2Sam 8:16; 2Sam 20:23; 1Chr 18:15). Everywhere he is presented as a skilled and courageous soldier and a shrewd politician, fiercely loyal to his king and people. At the same time, however, he is shown to be unscrupulous, calculating, and occasionally brutal. On occasions when David’s excessive sentimentality seemed to threaten the stability of his throne, Joab’s cold pragmatism was beneficial (2Sam 14:1-24; 2Sam 19:1-8). More often, though, he was a violent, disruptive force. He assassinated Abner, the strongman of Ishbaal’s rump government in Gilead (2Sam 3:27), who had slain Asahel, Joab’s youngest brother, in battle (2Sam 2:18-23), and he ordered the execution of Absalom during the civil war (2Sam 18:9-15). Both of these killings were without David’s knowledge, and the second was against his explicit orders (2Sam 18:5; 2Sam 18:12). Joab also slew Amasa (2Sam 20:8), with whom David had replaced him as commander of the army after Absalom’s revolt. In the contest over the succession to David’s throne Joab sided with Adonijah against Solomon (1Kgs 1:7), a mistake that cost him his life. Solomon charged him with the deaths of Abner and Amasa, and he was executed by Benaiah (1Kgs 2:38-44), who became commander of the army under Solomon (1Kgs 2:35). 3 The ancestor of a group of Israelites from the clan of Pahath-moab listed in the census of the first return from exile (late sixth century BCE) in the time of Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:6; Ezra 8:9; Neh 7:11).

1Chr 4:14

14Meonothai became the father of Ophrah; and Seraiah became the father of Joab father of Ge-harashim, so-called because they were artisans.

1Chr 2:16

16and their sisters were Zeruiah and Abigail. The sons of Zeruiah: Abishai, Joab, and Asahel, three.

2Sam 8:16

16Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was recorder;

2Sam 20:23

23Now Joab was in command of all the army of Israel; Benaiah son of Jehoiada was in command of the Cherethites and the Pelethites;

1Chr 18:15

15Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was recorder;

2Sam 14:1-24

Absalom Returns to Jerusalem
1Now Joab son of Zeruiah perceived that the king's mind was on Absalom.2Joab sent to Tekoa and brought from there a wise woman. He ... View more

2Sam 19:1-8

1It was told Joab, “The king is weeping and mourning for Absalom.”2So the victory that day was turned into mourning for all the troops; for the troops heard tha ... View more

2Sam 3:27

27When Abner returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gateway to speak with him privately, and there he stabbed him in the stomach. So he died for sheddin ... View more

2Sam 2:18-23

18The three sons of Zeruiah were there, Joab, Abishai, and Asahel. Now Asahel was as swift of foot as a wild gazelle.19Asahel pursued Abner, turning neither to ... View more

2Sam 18:9-15

9Absalom happened to meet the servants of David. Absalom was riding on his mule, and the mule went under the thick branches of a great oak. His head caught fast ... View more

2Sam 18:5

5The king ordered Joab and Abishai and Ittai, saying, “Deal gently for my sake with the young man Absalom.” And all the people heard when the king gave orders t ... View more

2Sam 18:12

12But the man said to Joab, “Even if I felt in my hand the weight of a thousand pieces of silver, I would not raise my hand against the king's son; for in our h ... View more

2Sam 20:8

8When they were at the large stone that is in Gibeon, Amasa came to meet them. Now Joab was wearing a soldier's garment and over it was a belt with a sword in i ... View more

1Kgs 1:7

7He conferred with Joab son of Zeruiah and with the priest Abiathar, and they supported Adonijah.

1Kgs 2:38-44

38And Shimei said to the king, “The sentence is fair; as my lord the king has said, so will your servant do.” So Shimei lived in Jerusalem many days.39But it ha ... View more

1Kgs 2:35

35The king put Benaiah son of Jehoiada over the army in his place, and the king put the priest Zadok in the place of Abiathar.

Ezra 2:6

6Of Pahath-moab, namely the descendants of Jeshua and Joab, two thousand eight hundred twelve.

Ezra 8:9

9Of the descendants of Joab, Obadiah son of Jehiel, and with him two hundred eighteen males.

Neh 7:11

11Of Pahath-moab, namely the descendants of Jeshua and Joab, two thousand eight hundred eighteen.

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