Body ornaments, usually made of metal and/or precious stones. Items of jewelry specifically mentioned include the necklace (Song 4:9), ring (Hos 2:13), strings of jewels (Song 1:10), and gold and pearls (Rev 17:4; Rev 18:16). Specific materials from which jewelry was made include silver and gold (Gen 24:53), including fine gold (Job 28:17). See also (Exod 28:17-21; Exod 35:22; Num 31:50; Ezek 16:11-12; Ezek 28:13). There are also figurative applications: “lips informed by knowledge are a precious jewel” in parallel with “costly stones” (Prov 20:15); the “imperishable jewel of a gentle and quiet spirit” (1Pet 3:4; RS); wisdom is “more precious than jewels” (Prov 3:15); a good wife is “far more precious than jewels” (Prov 31:10); and the beloved’s “rounded thighs” are “like jewels, the work of a master hand” (Song 7:1). Eschatological visions see the holy city of Jerusalem embellished with precious metals and stones (Isa 54:12; Rev 21:19-21) and often involve highly imaginative speculations (a city gate of a single pearl, Rev 21:21).

Song 4:9

9You have ravished my heart, my sister, my bride,
you have ravished my heart with a glance of your eyes,
with one jewel of your necklace.

Hos 2:13

13I will punish her for the festival days of the Baals,
when she offered incense to them
and decked herself with her ring and jewelry,
and went after her lovers ... View more

Song 1:10

10Your cheeks are comely with ornaments,
your neck with strings of jewels.

Rev 17:4

4The woman was clothed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and jewels and pearls, holding in her hand a golden cup full of abominations and the impurit ... View more

Rev 18:16

16“Alas, alas, the great city,
clothed in fine linen,
in purple and scarlet,
adorned with gold,
with jewels, and with pearls!

Gen 24:53

53And the servant brought out jewelry of silver and of gold, and garments, and gave them to Rebekah; he also gave to her brother and to her mother costly orname ... View more

Job 28:17

17Gold and glass cannot equal it,
nor can it be exchanged for jewels of fine gold.

Exod 28:17-21

17You shall set in it four rows of stones. A row of carnelian, chrysolite, and emerald shall be the first row;18and the second row a turquoise, a sapphire and a ... View more

Exod 35:22

22So they came, both men and women; all who were of a willing heart brought brooches and earrings and signet rings and pendants, all sorts of gold objects, ever ... View more

Num 31:50

50And we have brought the Lord's offering, what each of us found, articles of gold, armlets and bracelets, signet rings, earrings, and pendants, to make atoneme ... View more

Ezek 16:11-12

11I adorned you with ornaments: I put bracelets on your arms, a chain on your neck,12a ring on your nose, earrings in your ears, and a beautiful crown upon your ... View more

Ezek 28:13

13You were in Eden, the garden of God;
every precious stone was your covering,
carnelian, chrysolite, and moonstone,
beryl, onyx, and jasper,
sapphire, turquois ... View more

Prov 20:15

15There is gold, and abundance of costly stones;
but the lips informed by knowledge are a precious jewel.

1Pet 3:4

4rather, let your adornment be the inner self with the lasting beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is very precious in God's sight.

Prov 3:15

15She is more precious than jewels,
and nothing you desire can compare with her.

Prov 31:10

Ode to a Capable Wife
10A capable wife who can find?
She is far more precious than jewels.

Song 7:1

Expressions of Praise
1How graceful are your feet in sandals,
O queenly maiden!
Your rounded thighs are like jewels,
the work of a master hand.

Isa 54:12

12I will make your pinnacles of rubies,
your gates of jewels,
and all your wall of precious stones.

Rev 21:19-21

19The foundations of the wall of the city are adorned with every jewel; the first was jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald,20the fif ... View more

Rev 21:21

21And the twelve gates are twelve pearls, each of the gates is a single pearl, and the street of the city is pure gold, transparent as glass.

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.