A word used both literally and symbolically in the Bible. 1 The bony projection from the head of various animals, e.g., of a ram (Gen 22:13
); of a bull (Ps 69:31
). 2 A musical instrument made from a ram’s horn (Heb. shophar); it was used in worship (2Chr 15:14
) as well as in war (Josh 6:4-13
). 3 The projection at each of the four corners of an altar (Exod 27:2
; Rev 9:13
); the precise significance of the symbolism here is not known, however. The instruction to put some blood of a sacrificed bull on the altar horns (Lev 4:7
) attests to their importance in Israel’s religious ritual of animal sacrifice. People desiring asylum symbolized that desire by clinging to the altar’s horns (1Kgs 1:50-51
; 1Kgs 2:28-34
). 4 A receptacle for liquids: for the oil kept in the shrine (1Kgs 1:39
) and used for anointing kings (1Sam 16:1
; 1Sam 16:13
); perhaps for eye makeup (“horn of paint” is the literal meaning of the name of Job’s third daughter, Job 42:14
); and for ink (Ezek 9:2-11
). 5 A symbol of power, whether in animals (e.g., wild ox, Num 23:22
) or human beings (iron horns symbolize a king’s victory in war, 1Kgs 22:11
). The term “horn of salvation” denotes royal saving power (Ps 18:2
; Luke 1:69
). A further development of this theme is found in the use of “horn” for “king” in the visions in Dan 7-8
, where the horns refer to specific rulers. In the Revelation to John “horn” signifies supernatural power: the power of the lamb (Rev 5:6
), of the dragon (Rev 12:13
), of the beast from the sea (Rev 13:1
), of the beast from the earth (Rev 13:11
), and of the scarlet beast upon which a woman sits (Rev 17:3-16
). 6 The crown of a hill, or the hill itself (Isa 5:1
13And Abraham looked up and saw a ram, caught in a thicket by its horns. Abraham went and took the ram and offered it up as a burnt offering instead of his son.
31This will please the Lord more than an ox
or a bull with horns and hoofs.
14They took an oath to the Lord with a loud voice, and with shouting, and with trumpets, and with horns.
4with seven priests bearing seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark. On the seventh day you shall march around the city seven times, the priests blowing th ... View more
2You shall make horns for it on its four corners; its horns shall be of one piece with it, and you shall overlay it with bronze.
13Then the sixth angel blew his trumpet, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar before God,
7The priest shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar of fragrant incense that is in the tent of meeting before the Lord; and the rest of the blood ... View more
50Adonijah, fearing Solomon, got up and went to grasp the horns of the altar.51Solomon was informed, “Adonijah is afraid of King Solomon; see, he has laid hold ... View more
28When the news came to Joab—for Joab had supported Adonijah though he had not supported Absalom—Joab fled to the tent of the Lord and grasped the horns of the ... View more
39There the priest Zadok took the horn of oil from the tent and anointed Solomon. Then they blew the trumpet, and all the people said, “Long live King Solomon!”
David Anointed as King
1The Lord said to Samuel, “How long will you grieve over Saul? I have rejected him from being king over Israel. Fill your horn with oil a ... View more
13Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the presence of his brothers; and the spirit of the Lord came mightily upon David from that day forward. ... View more
14He named the first Jemimah, the second Keziah, and the third Keren-happuch.
2And six men came from the direction of the upper gate, which faces north, each with his weapon for slaughter in his hand; among them was a man clothed in linen ... View more
22God, who brings them out of Egypt,
is like the horns of a wild ox for them.
11Zedekiah son of Chenaanah made for himself horns of iron, and he said, “Thus says the Lord: With these you shall gore the Arameans until they are destroyed.”
2The Lord is my rock, my fortress, and my deliverer,
my God, my rock in whom I take refuge,
my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.
69He has raised up a mighty savior for us
in the house of his servant David,
Visions of the Four Beasts
1In the first year of King Belshazzar of Babylon, Daniel had a dream and visions of his head as he lay in bed. Then he wrote down the ... View more
6Then I saw between the throne and the four living creatures and among the elders a Lamb standing as if it had been slaughtered, having seven horns and seven ey ... View more
The Dragon Fights Again on Earth
13So when the dragon saw that he had been thrown down to the earth, he pursued the woman who had given birth to the male child.
1And I saw a beast rising out of the sea, having ten horns and seven heads; and on its horns were ten diadems, and on its heads were blasphemous names.
The Second Beast
11Then I saw another beast that rose out of the earth; it had two horns like a lamb and it spoke like a dragon.
3So he carried me away in the spirit into a wilderness, and I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast that was full of blasphemous names, and it had seven heads ... View more
The Song of the Unfruitful Vineyard
1Let me sing for my beloved
my love-song concerning his vineyard:
My beloved had a vineyard
on a very fertile hill.