A city of northern Moab captured by the Amorite king Sihon, who made it his capital (Num 21:26-30). The Israelites defeated Sihon in their first battle in the Transjordan (Num 21:21-24; Josh 12:2) and distributed his territory to Reuben and Gad, assigning Heshbon to Reuben (Num 32:37). Later, Heshbon was considered Gad’s inheritance (Josh 13:27) and allotted to the Levites (Josh 21:39). Prophetic oracles against Moab mention Heshbon (probably restored by Mesha, ca. 830 BCE) falling before unnamed enemies. Heshbon reappears (as Esbus) in documents of the Hellenistic and Roman periods, but it is not mentioned in the NT.
26For Heshbon was the city of King Sihon of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab and captured all his land as far as the Arnon.27Therefo ... View more
King Sihon Defeated
21Then Israel sent messengers to King Sihon of the Amorites, saying,22“Let me pass through your land; we will not turn aside into field or v ... View more
2King Sihon of the Amorites who lived at Heshbon, and ruled from Aroer, which is on the edge of the Wadi Arnon, and from the middle of the valley as far as the ... View more
37And the Reubenites rebuilt Heshbon, Elealeh, Kiriathaim,
27and in the valley Beth-haram, Beth-nimrah, Succoth, and Zaphon, the rest of the kingdom of King Sihon of Heshbon, the Jordan and its banks, as far as the lowe ... View more
39Heshbon with its pasture lands, Jazer with its pasture lands—four towns in all.