The rear of the human foot, below the ankle and behind the arch. Literal references include a likely zone of snakebite (Gen 3:15), anatomical contact of twins at birth (Gen 25:26), and appropriate vulnerability to traps (Job 18:9). Symbolic of treacherous betrayal, it is used in (Ps 41:9) for the betrayal of a close friend, and in John 13:18 for Jesus’s assessment of Judas’s betrayal (lifting the heel “against” one). Plural uses show close proximity in pursuit (e.g., “they rushed out at his heels,” (Judg 5:15).

Gen 3:15

15I will put enmity between you and the woman,
and between your offspring and hers;
he will strike your head,
and you will strike his heel.”

Gen 25:26

26Afterward his brother came out, with his hand gripping Esau's heel; so he was named Jacob. Isaac was sixty years old when she bore them.

Job 18:9

9A trap seizes them by the heel;
a snare lays hold of them.

Ps 41:9

9Even my bosom friend in whom I trusted,
who ate of my bread, has lifted the heel against me.

John 13:18

18I am not speaking of all of you; I know whom I have chosen. But it is to fulfill the scripture, ‘The one who ate my bread has lifted his heel against me.’

Judg 5:15

15the chiefs of Issachar came with Deborah,
and Issachar faithful to Barak;
into the valley they rushed out at his heels.
Among the clans of Reuben
there were g ... View more

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