Hebron

Hebron (Hee´bruhn)

One of the “central” cities in the southern hill country of Judah some twenty miles south-southwest of Jerusalem. A reference to its antiquity is found in (Num 13:22). Hebron’s original name (Gen 23:2; Josh 20:7) was Kiriath-arba (Heb., “fourfold city”). It was at Hebron that Sarah died, and it was there that Abraham purchased the cave of Machpelah from Hittites in the area for use as a family tomb (Gen 23:7-16). At the time of the entry of the Israelites, Hebron was held by three of the legendary Anakim, the “giants” (Num 13:22), who apparently reestablished themselves there after the conquest (Josh 14:12). After falling to Joshua (Josh 10:1-27; Josh 10:36-39, Josh 11:21-23) and having been secured again by Caleb (Josh 15:13-14), Hebron was allotted to Caleb (Josh 14:12) and subsequently became a city of the Kohathite Levites and one of the six cities of refuge (Josh 20:7). Hebron also played a prominent role in the early years of David (1Sam 30:31), and it was there that he was anointed “king of Judah” (2Sam 2:11) and reigned for seven and a half years (2Sam 5:5), while Saul’s son Ishbosheth ruled in the north. David’s son Absalom began his revolt against his father at Hebron (2Sam 15:7-10). In the period of the Divided Monarchy, Rehoboam strengthened Hebron’s defenses (2Chr 11:5; 2Chr 11:10).

Num 13:22

22They went up into the Negeb, and came to Hebron; and Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the Anakites, were there. (Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt ... View more

Gen 23:2

2And Sarah died at Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan; and Abraham went in to mourn for Sarah and to weep for her.

Josh 20:7

7So they set apart Kedesh in Galilee in the hill country of Naphtali, and Shechem in the hill country of Ephraim, and Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron) in the hill ... View more

Gen 23:7-16

7Abraham rose and bowed to the Hittites, the people of the land.8He said to them, “If you are willing that I should bury my dead out of my sight, hear me, and e ... View more

Num 13:22

22They went up into the Negeb, and came to Hebron; and Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the Anakites, were there. (Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt ... View more

Josh 14:12

12So now give me this hill country of which the Lord spoke on that day; for you heard on that day how the Anakim were there, with great fortified cities; it may ... View more

Josh 10:1-27

The Sun Stands Still
1When King Adoni-zedek of Jerusalem heard how Joshua had taken Ai, and had utterly destroyed it, doing to Ai and its king as he had done to ... View more

Josh 10:36-39

36Then Joshua went up with all Israel from Eglon to Hebron; they assaulted it,37and took it, and struck it with the edge of the sword, and its king and its town ... View more

Josh 11:21-23

21At that time Joshua came and wiped out the Anakim from the hill country, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the hill country of Judah, and from ... View more

Josh 15:13-14

Caleb Occupies His Portion
13According to the commandment of the Lord to Joshua, he gave to Caleb son of Jephunneh a portion among the people of Judah, Kiriath- ... View more

Josh 14:12

12So now give me this hill country of which the Lord spoke on that day; for you heard on that day how the Anakim were there, with great fortified cities; it may ... View more

Josh 20:7

7So they set apart Kedesh in Galilee in the hill country of Naphtali, and Shechem in the hill country of Ephraim, and Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron) in the hill ... View more

1Sam 30:31

31in Hebron, all the places where David and his men had roamed.

2Sam 2:11

11The time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.

2Sam 5:5

5At Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months; and at Jerusalem he reigned over all Israel and Judah thirty-three years.

2Sam 15:7-10

7At the end of four years Absalom said to the king, “Please let me go to Hebron and pay the vow that I have made to the Lord.8For your servant made a vow while ... View more

2Chr 11:5

5Rehoboam resided in Jerusalem, and he built cities for defense in Judah.

2Chr 11:10

10Zorah, Aijalon, and Hebron, fortified cities that are in Judah and in Benjamin.

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