The Egyptian maidservant whom Sarah gave to Abraham as his concubine; she bore him Ishmael. There are two stories concerning Hagar, both showing the rivalry between her and Sarah (Gen 16:1-16; Gen 21:8-21). These stories are meant to show that Ishmael’s descendants, the bedouins living to the south of the Israelites, were of the same stock as the Hebrews, but from a religiously less important branch of the family. The inferiority of Hagar and Ishmael is used allegorically in the NT by Paul (Gal 4:21-31).
The Birth of Ishmael
1Now Sarai, Abram's wife, bore him no children. She had an Egyptian slave-girl whose name was Hagar,2and Sarai said to Abram, “You see that ... View more
Hagar and Ishmael Sent Away
8The child grew, and was weaned; and Abraham made a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned.9But Sarah saw the son of Hagar the ... View more
The Allegory of Hagar and Sarah
21Tell me, you who desire to be subject to the law, will you not listen to the law?22For it is written that Abraham had two sons ... View more