A person or persons assigned to the protection of an important person or group of persons. Both OT and NT give evidence of persons who functioned in these capacities. In the OT various royal figures are depicted as having guards (Gen 37:36
; Dan 2:14
; 2Kgs 25:8-21
). David had an elite troop of Cherethites and Pelethites who served as his bodyguard (2Sam 8:18
; 2Sam 23:23
). As “foreigners” these soldiers would have had personal loyalty to their employer and would have been less influenced by competing internal political factions. The Temple area in Jerusalem also required guards (1Kgs 14:27-28
; 2Kgs 11:19
). During the Roman occupation of Palestine the Temple area had at least two different sets of guards. One set of Roman soldiers was stationed in the fortress of Antonia (Acts 21:30-34
), and the priestly officials had levitical “security officers” as well. Roman guards watched the tomb of Jesus (Matt 27:65-28:4
) and supervised the house arrest of the apostle Paul (Acts 28:16
36Meanwhile the Midianites had sold him in Egypt to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh's officials, the captain of the guard.
14Then Daniel responded with prudence and discretion to Arioch, the king's chief executioner, who had gone out to execute the wise men of Babylon;
8In the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month—which was the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon—Nebuzaradan, the captain of the bodyg ... View more
18Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were priests.
23He was renowned among the Thirty, but he did not attain to the Three. And David put him in charge of his bodyguard.
27so King Rehoboam made shields of bronze instead, and committed them to the hands of the officers of the guard, who kept the door of the king's house.28As ofte ... View more
19He took the captains, the Carites, the guards, and all the people of the land; then they brought the king down from the house of the Lord, marching through th ... View more
30Then all the city was aroused, and the people rushed together. They seized Paul and dragged him out of the temple, and immediately the doors were shut.31While ... View more
65Pilate said to them, “You have a guard of soldiers; go, make it as secure as you can.”66So they went with the guard and made the tomb secure by sealing the st ... View more
16When we came into Rome, Paul was allowed to live by himself, with the soldier who was guarding him.