giant

giant

A term used by the Greek translators of the LXX in the third and second centuries BCE and by English translators until recently to render several different Hebrew words. Hebrew gibbor, “giant” in the LXX, is more accurately rendered “mighty warrior” or “mighty hunter” in (Gen 10:8-9 and Job 16:14) (cf. the NRSV and other modern translations). The NRSV is cautious with another term, nephilim, transliterating rather than translating it in its only two occurrences (Gen 6:4; Num 13:33). In (Gen 6:4) the Nephilim are the offspring of the sons of God and the daughters of humans, part of the formidable race of humans before the Flood. (Num 13:33) says that the sons of Anak, ancient inhabitants of Canaan so huge that the Israelite spies felt like grasshoppers in comparison, were part of the Nephilim of olden times. Other passages also speak of the ancient inhabitants of Canaan, traditionally rendered as “giants” (Deut 2:11; Deut 2:20; Deut 3:11; Deut 3:13; Josh 12:4; Josh 13:12; Josh 15:8; Josh 17:15; Josh 18:16). Another Hebrew word often rendered “giants” is rephaim. The precise meaning of the word is uncertain; it has been suggested that it means “the hale ones” and describes a group of gods, and sometimes humans, who are related to El, the high god of Canaanite mythology. Biblical rephaim may well have been an elite group of warriors, men with sufficient wealth to provide chariots and other weapons of war for themselves.

Gen 10:8-9

8Cush became the father of Nimrod; he was the first on earth to become a mighty warrior.9He was a mighty hunter before the Lord; therefore it is said, “Like Nim ... View more

Job 16:14

14He bursts upon me again and again;
he rushes at me like a warrior.

Gen 6:4

4The Nephilim were on the earth in those days—and also afterward—when the sons of God went in to the daughters of humans, who bore children to them. These were ... View more

Num 13:33

33There we saw the Nephilim (the Anakites come from the Nephilim); and to ourselves we seemed like grasshoppers, and so we seemed to them.”

Gen 6:4

4The Nephilim were on the earth in those days—and also afterward—when the sons of God went in to the daughters of humans, who bore children to them. These were ... View more

Num 13:33

33There we saw the Nephilim (the Anakites come from the Nephilim); and to ourselves we seemed like grasshoppers, and so we seemed to them.”

Deut 2:11

11Like the Anakim, they are usually reckoned as Rephaim, though the Moabites call them Emim.

Deut 2:20

20(It also is usually reckoned as a land of Rephaim. Rephaim formerly inhabited it, though the Ammonites call them Zamzummim,

Deut 3:11

11(Now only King Og of Bashan was left of the remnant of the Rephaim. In fact his bed, an iron bed, can still be seen in Rabbah of the Ammonites. By the common ... View more

Deut 3:13

13and I gave to the half-tribe of Manasseh the rest of Gilead and all of Bashan, Og's kingdom. (The whole region of Argob: all that portion of Bashan used to be ... View more

Josh 12:4

4and King Og of Bashan, one of the last of the Rephaim, who lived at Ashtaroth and at Edrei

Josh 13:12

12all the kingdom of Og in Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei (he alone was left of the survivors of the Rephaim); these Moses had defeated and drive ... View more

Josh 15:8

8then the boundary goes up by the valley of the son of Hinnom at the southern slope of the Jebusites (that is, Jerusalem); and the boundary goes up to the top o ... View more

Josh 17:15

15And Joshua said to them, “If you are a numerous people, go up to the forest, and clear ground there for yourselves in the land of the Perizzites and the Repha ... View more

Josh 18:16

16then the boundary goes down to the border of the mountain that overlooks the valley of the son of Hinnom, which is at the north end of the valley of Rephaim; ... View more

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