genealogy

genealogy

A history of the descent of a person or group (family, tribe, or nation) from an ancestor. The term appears in both the OT and the NT (1Chr 5:1; 1Chr 5:7; 1Chr 5:17; 2Chr 31:16; Ezra 2:62; Neh 7:5; Neh 7:64; 1Tim 1:4; Titus 3:9; also Matt 1:1, NRSV). The OT contains about two dozen genealogical lists. The first is at Gen 4:17-22 (from Cain through seven generations). Other prominent lists are the generations from Adam to Noah (Gen 5:1-32), the descendants of Noah (Gen 10:1-32), the generations from Shem to Abraham (Gen 11:10-26), the descendants of Jacob (Gen 46:8-27) and Levi (Exod 6:16-25), and the list of persons and families of the postexilic community who continue the line from preexilic times (Ezra 2:2-61; Matt 2:2-6). The most extensive genealogy is in (1Chr 1:1-9:44) (Adam to the descendants of Saul). The NT genealogies of Jesus in (Matt 1:1-17 and Luke 3:23-38) establish his Davidic descent (Matt 1:1; Matt 1:6; Matt 1:17; Luke 3:31). Matthew’s genealogy also establishes Jesus’s descent from Abraham (Matt 1:1-2 Matt 1:17), while Luke’s traces Jesus’s descent from “Adam, the Son of God” (Luke 3:3).

1Chr 5:1

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1Chr 5:7

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1Chr 5:17

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2Chr 31:16

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Ezra 2:62

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Neh 7:5

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Neh 7:64

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1Tim 1:4

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Titus 3:9

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Matt 1:1

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Gen 4:17-22

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Gen 5:1-32

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Gen 10:1-32

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Gen 11:10-26

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Gen 46:8-27

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Exod 6:16-25

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Ezra 2:2-61

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Matt 2:2-6

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1Chr 1:1-9:44

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Matt 1:1-17

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Luke 3:23-38

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Matt 1:1

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Matt 1:6

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Matt 1:17

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Luke 3:31

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Matt 1:1-2

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Matt 1:17

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Luke 3:3

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