Gehenna

Gehenna (Gi-hen´uh)

Hell or hellfire. The word is derived from a Hebrew term meaning “valley of Hinnom.” Located west and south of Jerusalem and running into the Kidron Valley at a point opposite the modern village of Silwan, the valley of Hinnom once formed part of the boundary between the tribes of Judah and Benjamin (Josh 15:8; Josh 18:16; Neh 11:30). During the monarchical period, it became the site of an infamous high place, where some of the kings of Judah engaged in forbidden religious practices, including human sacrifice by fire (2Chr 28:3; 2Chr 33:6; Jer 7:31; Jer 32:35). Because of this, Jeremiah spoke of its impending judgment and destruction (Jer 7:32; Jer 19:6). King Josiah put an end to these practices by destroying and defiling the high place in the valley of Hinnom (2Kgs 23:10). Probably because of these associations with fiery destruction and judgment, the word “Gehenna” came to be used metaphorically during the intertestamental period as a designation for hell or eternal damnation. In the NT, the word is used only in this way and never as a geographic place-name. As such, Gehenna is to be distinguished from Hades, which is either the abode of all the dead in general (Acts 2:27; Acts 2:31; Rev 20:13-14) or the place where the wicked await the final judgment. Gehenna is variously described as a fiery furnace (Matt 13:42; Matt 13:50), an unquenchable fire (Mark 9:43), or an eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels (Matt 25:41). Jesus warned his disciples of committing sins that would lead to Gehenna (Matt 5:22; Matt 5:29-30, Matt 23:33; Mark 9:45; Luke 12:5).

Josh 15:8

8then the boundary goes up by the valley of the son of Hinnom at the southern slope of the Jebusites (that is, Jerusalem); and the boundary goes up to the top o ... View more

Josh 18:16

16then the boundary goes down to the border of the mountain that overlooks the valley of the son of Hinnom, which is at the north end of the valley of Rephaim; ... View more

Neh 11:30

30Zanoah, Adullam, and their villages, Lachish and its fields, and Azekah and its villages. So they camped from Beer-sheba to the valley of Hinnom.

2Chr 28:3

3and he made offerings in the valley of the son of Hinnom, and made his sons pass through fire, according to the abominable practices of the nations whom the Lo ... View more

2Chr 33:6

6He made his son pass through fire in the valley of the son of Hinnom, practiced soothsaying and augury and sorcery, and dealt with mediums and with wizards. He ... View more

Jer 7:31

31And they go on building the high place of Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire—which I did ... View more

Jer 32:35

35They built the high places of Baal in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to offer up their sons and daughters to Molech, though I did not command them, nor did ... View more

Jer 7:32

32Therefore, the days are surely coming, says the Lord, when it will no more be called Topheth, or the valley of the son of Hinnom, but the valley of Slaughter: ... View more

Jer 19:6

6Therefore the days are surely coming, says the Lord, when this place shall no more be called Topheth, or the valley of the son of Hinnom, but the valley of Sla ... View more

2Kgs 23:10

10He defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of Ben-hinnom, so that no one would make a son or a daughter pass through fire as an offering to Molech.

Acts 2:27

27For you will not abandon my soul to Hades,
or let your Holy One experience corruption.

Acts 2:31

31Foreseeing this, David spoke of the resurrection of the Messiah, saying,
‘He was not abandoned to Hades,
nor did his flesh experience corruption.’

Rev 20:13-14

13And the sea gave up the dead that were in it, Death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and all were judged according to what they had done.14Then D ... View more

Matt 13:42

42and they will throw them into the furnace of fire, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

Matt 13:50

50and throw them into the furnace of fire, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

Mark 9:43

43If your hand causes you to stumble, cut it off; it is better for you to enter life maimed than to have two hands and to go to hell, to the unquenchable fire.

Matt 25:41

41Then he will say to those at his left hand, ‘You that are accursed, depart from me into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels;

Matt 5:22

22But I say to you that if you are angry with a brother or sister, you will be liable to judgment; and if you insult a brother or sister, you will be liable to ... View more

Matt 5:29-30

29If your right eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away; it is better for you to lose one of your members than for your whole body to be thrown int ... View more

Matt 23:33

33You snakes, you brood of vipers! How can you escape being sentenced to hell?

Mark 9:45

45And if your foot causes you to stumble, cut it off; it is better for you to enter life lame than to have two feet and to be thrown into hell.

Luke 12:5

5But I will warn you whom to fear: fear him who, after he has killed, has authority to cast into hell. Yes, I tell you, fear him!

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