garden

garden

A plot of cultivated land enclosed by walls made of stones, mud-brick, or hedges. Entrance was normally through a gate that could be locked (Song 4:12, 2Kgs 25:4). Located near ample supplies of water, gardens were lush and desirable pieces of property used for both decorative and utilitarian purposes (Gen 13:10; Num 24:6; Jer 31:12). Vegetables, spices, fruit trees, and flowers were grown in them (1Kgs 21:2; Jer 29:5; Song 4:12-16, Luke 13:19). Gardens were also used as meeting places for social occasions and for meditation and prayer (Esth 1:5; John 18:1). Occasionally, idolatrous religious practices were carried on in gardens (Isa 65:3; Isa 66:17). Ancestral tombs were often located in gardens. Thus, many Judean kings were buried in garden tombs (2Kgs 21:18; 2Kgs 21:26), and the body of Jesus was laid to rest in a garden tomb belonging to Joseph of Arimathea (John 19:41-42). The care of gardens might require the employ of a gardener (John 20:15). The word “garden” is also used metaphorically and symbolically in the Bible. Thus, in the Song of Solomon, the word refers to the young woman or bride whom the lover comes to court (Song 4:12, Song 5:1, Song 6:2). Elsewhere, the word refers to the “garden of God” or “garden of the Lord,” also known as “Eden,” where God walked among the trees in the cool of the day and from which the first human beings were banished (Gen 2:15; Gen 3:1; Gen 3:2; Gen 3:3; Gen 3:8; Gen 3:10; Gen 3:23; Gen 3:24; Ezek 28:13; Ezek 31:8-9). In this latter sense it is also used as a simile to describe the future restoration of the land of Israel (Isa 51:3; Isa 58:11; Ezek 36:35).

Song 4:12

12A garden locked is my sister, my bride,


a garden locked, a fountain sealed.

2Kgs 25:4

4Then a breach was made in the city wall; the king with all the soldiers fled by night by the way of the gate between the two walls, by the king's garden, thoug ... View more

Gen 13:10

10Lot looked about him, and saw that the plain of the Jordan was well watered everywhere like the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt, in the direction o ... View more

Num 24:6

6Like palm groves that stretch far away,


like gardens beside a river,


like aloes that the Lord has planted,


like cedar trees beside the waters.

Jer 31:12

12They shall come and sing aloud on the height of Zion,


and they shall be radiant over the goodness of the Lord,


over the grain, the wine, and the oil,


and over ... View more

1Kgs 21:2

2And Ahab said to Naboth, “Give me your vineyard, so that I may have it for a vegetable garden, because it is near my house; I will give you a better vineyard f ... View more

Jer 29:5

5Build houses and live in them; plant gardens and eat what they produce.

Song 4:12-16

12A garden locked is my sister, my bride,


a garden locked, a fountain sealed.

13Your channel is an orchard of pomegranates


with all choicest fruits,


henna with n ... View more

Luke 13:19

19It is like a mustard seed that someone took and sowed in the garden; it grew and became a tree, and the birds of the air made nests in its branches.”

Esth 1:5

5When these days were completed, the king gave for all the people present in the citadel of Susa, both great and small, a banquet lasting for seven days, in the ... View more

John 18:1

The Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus


1After Jesus had spoken these words, he went out with his disciples across the Kidron valley to a place where there was a garde ... View more

Isa 65:3

3a people who provoke me


to my face continually,


sacrificing in gardens


and offering incense on bricks;

Isa 66:17

17Those who sanctify and purify themselves to go into the gardens, following the one in the center, eating the flesh of pigs, vermin, and rodents, shall come to ... View more

2Kgs 21:18

18Manasseh slept with his ancestors, and was buried in the garden of his house, in the garden of Uzza. His son Amon succeeded him.

2Kgs 21:26

26He was buried in his tomb in the garden of Uzza; then his son Josiah succeeded him.

John 19:41-42

41Now there was a garden in the place where he was crucified, and in the garden there was a new tomb in which no one had ever been laid.

42And so, because it was ... View more

John 20:15

15Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you looking for?” Supposing him to be the gardener, she said to him, “Sir, if you have carried him aw ... View more

Song 4:12

12A garden locked is my sister, my bride,


a garden locked, a fountain sealed.

Song 5:1

1I come to my garden, my sister, my bride;


I gather my myrrh with my spice,


I eat my honeycomb with my honey,


I drink my wine with my milk.



Eat, friends, drink ... View more

Song 6:2

2My beloved has gone down to his garden,


to the beds of spices,


to pasture his flock in the gardens,


and to gather lilies.

Gen 2:15

15The Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to till it and keep it.

Gen 3:1

The First Sin and Its Punishment


1Now the serpent was more crafty than any other wild animal that the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God say, ‘Yo ... View more

Gen 3:2

2The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden;

Gen 3:3

3but God said, ‘You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the middle of the garden, nor shall you touch it, or you shall die.’ ”

Gen 3:8

8They heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden at the time of the evening breeze, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the ... View more

Gen 3:10

10He said, “I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.”

Gen 3:23

23therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from which he was taken.

Gen 3:24

24He drove out the man; and at the east of the garden of Eden he placed the cherubim, and a sword flaming and turning to guard the way to the tree of life.

Ezek 28:13

13You were in Eden, the garden of God;


every precious stone was your covering,


carnelian, chrysolite, and moonstone,


beryl, onyx, and jasper,


sapphire, turquois ... View more

Ezek 31:8-9

8The cedars in the garden of God could not rival it,


nor the fir trees equal its boughs;


the plane trees were as nothing


compared with its branches;


no tree in ... View more

Isa 51:3

3For the Lord will comfort Zion;


he will comfort all her waste places,


and will make her wilderness like Eden,


her desert like the garden of the Lord;


joy and g ... View more

Isa 58:11

11The Lord will guide you continually,


and satisfy your needs in parched places,


and make your bones strong;


and you shall be like a watered garden,


like a spri ... View more

Ezek 36:35

35And they will say, “This land that was desolate has become like the garden of Eden; and the waste and desolate and ruined towns are now inhabited and fortifie ... View more

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