An installation for containing fire, whether for domestic or industrial purposes. The word is used in the Bible for various installations employed in daily life, and metaphorically for God’s presence (Gen 15:17
), for the judgment or redemption of his people (Deut 4:20
; 1Kgs 8:51
; Isa 48:10
; Jer 11:4
; Ps 102:3
; Isa 33:14
), for the refining of God’s word as silver is worked in a crucible (Ps 12:6
), and in the NT for the fires of hell (Matt 13:42
; Matt 13:50
; Rev 9:2
) and the appearance of Christ’s feet (Rev 1:15
). Six words in Hebrew and one in Greek lie behind the word “furnace.” The most common OT term for “furnace” refers to an oven, often of the kind used for baking bread (Ps 21:9
; Dan 3:6
). Other terms refer to a pottery or lime kiln (Gen 19:28
; Exod 9:8
; Exod 18:18
) or a smelter or refining installation for metals (Prov 17:3
; Prov 27:21
; Ezek 22:20
17When the sun had gone down and it was dark, a smoking fire pot and a flaming torch passed between these pieces.
20But the Lord has taken you and brought you out of the iron-smelter, out of Egypt, to become a people of his very own possession, as you are now.
51(for they are your people and heritage, which you brought out of Egypt, from the midst of the iron-smelter).
10See, I have refined you, but not like silver;
I have tested you in the furnace of adversity.
4which I commanded your ancestors when I brought them out of the land of Egypt, from the iron-smelter, saying, Listen to my voice, and do all that I command you ... View more
3For my days pass away like smoke,
and my bones burn like a furnace.
14The sinners in Zion are afraid;
trembling has seized the godless:
“Who among us can live with the devouring fire?
Who among us can live with everlasting flame ... View more
6The promises of the Lord are promises that are pure,
silver refined in a furnace on the ground,
purified seven times.
42and they will throw them into the furnace of fire, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
50and throw them into the furnace of fire, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
2he opened the shaft of the bottomless pit, and from the shaft rose smoke like the smoke of a great furnace, and the sun and the air were darkened with the smok ... View more
15his feet were like burnished bronze, refined as in a furnace, and his voice was like the sound of many waters.
9You will make them like a fiery furnace
when you appear.
The Lord will swallow them up in his wrath,
and fire will consume them.
6Whoever does not fall down and worship shall immediately be thrown into a furnace of blazing fire.”
28and he looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah and toward all the land of the Plain and saw the smoke of the land going up like the smoke of a furnace.
The Sixth Plague: Boils
8Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Take handfuls of soot from the kiln, and let Moses throw it in the air in the sight of Pharaoh.
18You will surely wear yourself out, both you and these people with you. For the task is too heavy for you; you cannot do it alone.
3The crucible is for silver, and the furnace is for gold,
but the Lord tests the heart.
21The crucible is for silver, and the furnace is for gold,
so a person is tested by being praised.
20As one gathers silver, bronze, iron, lead, and tin into a smelter, to blow the fire upon them in order to melt them; so I will gather you in my anger and in m ... View more