A fragrant gum resin exuded in large, light yellowish brown tears from Boswellia trees. Frankincense was imported into Judah by camel caravan from Sheba (Isa 60:6
; Jer 6:20
). Frankincense could be used for secular purposes as a perfume (Song 3:6
, Song 4:6
, Song 4:14
), but it appears most frequently in the Bible in a religious context.Exod 30:34-38
contains the recipe for a frankincense-based incense dedicated for ritual use. No other incense was permitted on the altar (Exod 30:9
), and secular use of the sacred recipe was absolutely forbidden (Exod 30:38
). Offerings of frankincense were made at the Temple (Isa 43:23
; Isa 66:3
; Jer 17:26
; Jer 41:5
), where it was stored for later use (Neh 13:5
; Neh 13:9
; 1Chr 9:29
). Frankincense was set beside the Bread of the Presence (Lev 24:7
) and accompanied cereal offerings (Lev 2:1-2
; Lev 14-16:1
; Lev 6:14-18
). Frankincense was among the gifts offered to the infant Jesus by the magi (Matt 2:11
). Rev 18:13
lists frankincense as part of the cargo of the merchants who weep for the fallen city.
6A multitude of camels shall cover you,
the young camels of Midian and Ephah;
all those from Sheba shall come.
They shall bring gold and frankincense,
and shall ... View more
20Of what use to me is frankincense that comes from Sheba,
or sweet cane from a distant land?
Your burnt offerings are not acceptable,
nor are your sacrifices p ... View more
The Groom and His Party Approach
6What is that coming up from the wilderness,
like a column of smoke,
perfumed with myrrh and frankincense,
with all the fragran ... View more
6Until the day breathes
and the shadows flee,
I will hasten to the mountain of myrrh
and the hill of frankincense.
14nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon,
with all trees of frankincense,
myrrh and aloes,
with all chief spices—
34The Lord said to Moses: Take sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum, sweet spices with pure frankincense (an equal part of each),35and make an incense ... View more
9You shall not offer unholy incense on it, or a burnt offering, or a grain offering; and you shall not pour a drink offering on it.
38Whoever makes any like it to use as perfume shall be cut off from the people.
23You have not brought me your sheep for burnt offerings,
or honored me with your sacrifices.
I have not burdened you with offerings,
or wearied you with franki ... View more
3Whoever slaughters an ox is like one who kills a human being;
whoever sacrifices a lamb, like one who breaks a dog's neck;
whoever presents a grain offering, l ... View more
26And people shall come from the towns of Judah and the places around Jerusalem, from the land of Benjamin, from the Shephelah, from the hill country, and from ... View more
5eighty men arrived from Shechem and Shiloh and Samaria, with their beards shaved and their clothes torn, and their bodies gashed, bringing grain offerings and ... View more
5prepared for Tobiah a large room where they had previously put the grain offering, the frankincense, the vessels, and the tithes of grain, wine, and oil, which ... View more
9Then I gave orders and they cleansed the chambers, and I brought back the vessels of the house of God, with the grain offering and the frankincense.
29Others of them were appointed over the furniture, and over all the holy utensils, also over the choice flour, the wine, the oil, the incense, and the spices.
7You shall put pure frankincense with each row, to be a token offering for the bread, as an offering by fire to the Lord.
1When anyone presents a grain offering to the Lord, the offering shall be of choice flour; the worshiper shall pour oil on it, and put frankince ... View more
Purification of Lepers and Leprous Houses
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2This shall be the ritual for the leprous person at the time of his cleansing:
He sha ... View more
14This is the ritual of the grain offering: The sons of Aaron shall offer it before the Lord, in front of the altar.15They shall take from it a handful of the c ... View more
11On entering the house, they saw the child with Mary his mother; and they knelt down and paid him homage. Then, opening their treasure chests, they offered him ... View more
13cinnamon, spice, incense, myrrh, frankincense, wine, olive oil, choice flour and wheat, cattle and sheep, horses and chariots, slaves—and human lives.