A city in the lowlands of Judah counted as belonging to both Judah and Dan (Josh 15:33; Josh 19:41). It was probably originally occupied by Danites (Judg 13:25; Judg 18:2-11) and then later occupied by Judah when the Danites were forced to move to the north (Judg 18:11). Evidence of this is seen in 1Chr 2:53, where Eshtaolites are regarded as descendants of Judah. It is also possible that the camp of Dan at Kiriath-jearim (Judg 18:12) led to a mixing of the two tribes in this region. Eshtaol is tentatively located near modern Ishwa, about fourteen miles west of Jerusalem and about six miles slightly southwest of Kiriath-jearim.
33And in the Lowland, Eshtaol, Zorah, Ashnah,
41The territory of its inheritance included Zorah, Eshtaol, Ir-shemesh,
25The spirit of the Lord began to stir him in Mahaneh-dan, between Zorah and Eshtaol.
2So the Danites sent five valiant men from the whole number of their clan, from Zorah and from Eshtaol, to spy out the land and to explore it; and they said to ... View more
11Six hundred men of the Danite clan, armed with weapons of war, set out from Zorah and Eshtaol,
53And the families of Kiriath-jearim: the Ithrites, the Puthites, the Shumathites, and the Mishraites; from these came the Zorathites and the Eshtaolites.
12and went up and encamped at Kiriath-jearim in Judah. On this account that place is called Mahaneh-dan to this day; it is west of Kiriath-jearim.