A shaking or trembling of the earth’s surface, fairly frequent in geologically active Syro-Palestine. Specific earthquakes within the biblical period include one in 31 BCE reported by the Jewish historian Josephus and one in Uzziah’s days (ca. 760 BCE) cited in (Amos 1:1) and remembered in (Zech 14:5). Earthquakes might also be related to the swallowing up of Dathan and Abiram in (Num 16:30-34), to Elijah’s experiences at Sinai (1Kgs 19:11-12), to the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah (Gen 19:24-29), to the holy war panic among the Philistines (1Sam 14:15), and to the divine theophany in ()Exod 19:18). Almost every time an earthquake appears in the Bible, it has figurative dimensions of God’s intervention; note especially the earthquakes at Jesus’s death (Matt 27:51) and his resurrection (Matt 28:2). It was readily projected, then, as attending the judgment at the final days (Isa 29:6; Matt 24:7; Rev 6:12-17).

Amos 1:1

1The words of Amos, who was among the shepherds of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of King Uzziah of Judah and in the days of King Jeroboam so ... View more

Zech 14:5

5And you shall flee by the valley of the Lord's mountain, for the valley between the mountains shall reach to Azal; and you shall flee as you fled from the eart ... View more

Num 16:30-34

30But if the Lord creates something new, and the ground opens its mouth and swallows them up, with all that belongs to them, and they go down alive into Sheol, ... View more

1Kgs 19:11-12

Elijah Meets God at Horeb
11He said, “Go out and stand on the mountain before the Lord, for the Lord is about to pass by.” Now there was a great wind, so strong ... View more

Gen 19:24-29

24Then the Lord rained on Sodom and Gomorrah sulfur and fire from the Lord out of heaven;25and he overthrew those cities, and all the Plain, and all the inhabit ... View more

1Sam 14:15

15There was a panic in the camp, in the field, and among all the people; the garrison and even the raiders trembled; the earth quaked; and it became a very grea ... View more

)Exod 19:18

18Now Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke, because the Lord had descended upon it in fire; the smoke went up like the smoke of a kiln, while the whole mountain sho ... View more

Matt 27:51

51At that moment the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. The earth shook, and the rocks were split.

Matt 28:2

2And suddenly there was a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord, descending from heaven, came and rolled back the stone and sat on it.

Isa 29:6

6you will be visited by the Lord of hosts
with thunder and earthquake and great noise,
with whirlwind and tempest, and the flame of a devouring fire.

Matt 24:7

7For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines and earthquakes in various places:

Rev 6:12-17

12When he opened the sixth seal, I looked, and there came a great earthquake; the sun became black as sackcloth, the full moon became like blood,13and the stars ... View more

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