Human or animal feces. Although dried bricks of human and animal dung were used in Egypt to fuel ovens, the Israelite concept of purity (plus the alternative fuel of Canaan’s trees) made this practice obnoxious to the Hebrews (Ezek 4:12
; Ezek 4:15
). Still, dung was used as fertilizer (Isa 25:10
; Luke 13:8
). Cultic legal texts require that human voiding (Deut 23:12-14
) occur outside of the camp perimeter and the fecal matter in the intestines of sacrificial animals be burned outside of the camp (Exod 29:14
; Lev 4:11
; Lev 8:17
; Lev 16:27
; Num 19:5
) because of the impurity of excreta (Mal 2:3
). The Dung Gate of Jerusalem’s south wall (Neh 2:13
; Neh 3:13-14
; Neh 12:31
) is probably the exit through which that city’s refuse was removed. The term “dung” is also used to refer to an unburied human corpse left as offal (2Kgs 9:37
; Jer 8:2
; Jer 9:21
; Jer 16:4
; Jer 25:33
; Ps 83:12
) or to the worthless impious (Zeph 1:17
; Job 20:7
). Paul regarded his religious accomplishments and rank as dung in comparison to his life in Christ (Phil 3:8
12You shall eat it as a barley-cake, baking it in their sight on human dung.
15Then he said to me, “See, I will let you have cow's dung instead of human dung, on which you may prepare your bread.”
10For the hand of the Lord will rest on this mountain.
The Moabites shall be trodden down in their place
as straw is trodden down in a dung-pit.
8He replied, ‘Sir, let it alone for one more year, until I dig around it and put manure on it.
12You shall have a designated area outside the camp to which you shall go.13With your utensils you shall have a trowel; when you relieve yourself outside, you s ... View more
14But the flesh of the bull, and its skin, and its dung, you shall burn with fire outside the camp; it is a sin offering.
11But the skin of the bull and all its flesh, as well as its head, its legs, its entrails, and its dung—
17But the bull itself, its skin and flesh and its dung, he burned with fire outside the camp, as the Lord commanded Moses.
27The bull of the sin offering and the goat of the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the holy place, shall be taken outside the camp ... View more
5Then the heifer shall be burned in his sight; its skin, its flesh, and its blood, with its dung, shall be burned.
3I will rebuke your offspring, and spread dung on your faces, the dung of your offerings, and I will put you out of my presence.
13I went out by night by the Valley Gate past the Dragon's Spring and to the Dung Gate, and I inspected the walls of Jerusalem that had been broken down and its ... View more
13Hanun and the inhabitants of Zanoah repaired the Valley Gate; they rebuilt it and set up its doors, its bolts, and its bars, and repaired a thousand cubits of ... View more
31Then I brought the leaders of Judah up onto the wall, and appointed two great companies that gave thanks and went in procession. One went to the right on the ... View more
37the corpse of Jezebel shall be like dung on the field in the territory of Jezreel, so that no one can say, This is Jezebel.’ ”
2and they shall be spread before the sun and the moon and all the host of heaven, which they have loved and served, which they have followed, and which they hav ... View more
21“Death has come up into our windows,
it has entered our palaces,
to cut off the children from the streets
and the young men from the squares.”
4They shall die of deadly diseases. They shall not be lamented, nor shall they be buried; they shall become like dung on the surface of the ground. They shall p ... View more
33Those slain by the Lord on that day shall extend from one end of the earth to the other. They shall not be lamented, or gathered, or buried; they shall become ... View more
12who said, “Let us take the pastures of God
for our own possession.”
17I will bring such distress upon people
that they shall walk like the blind;
because they have sinned against the Lord,
their blood shall be poured out like du ... View more
7they will perish forever like their own dung;
those who have seen them will say, ‘Where are they?’
8More than that, I regard everything as loss because of the surpassing value of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord. For his sake I have suffered the loss of all thing ... View more