An ancient Semitic deity attested in the northern Mesopotamian area from the late third millennium and in the entire West Semitic area through biblical times. The Bible sees Dagon as the chief god of the Philistines. In (1Sam 5:2-7), a statue of Dagon falls before the captured Ark in the temple at Ashdod; a second fall destroys the statue. In (Judg 16:23), the imprisoned Samson pulls down around his head the temple of Dagon with the help of God. According to (1Chr 10:10), the Philistines hung up the head of Saul as a trophy in the temple of Dagon, presumably at Beth-shan (1Sam 31:12). (1Macc 10:83 and 1Macc 11:4) mention a temple of Dagon in Ashdod. The place-names Beth-dagon in Judah (Josh 15:41) and Beth-dagon in Asher (Josh 19:27) preserve the name of the deity.
2then the Philistines took the ark of God and brought it into the house of Dagon and placed it beside Dagon.3When the people of Ashdod rose early the next day, ... View more
23Now the lords of the Philistines gathered to offer a great sacrifice to their god Dagon, and to rejoice; for they said, “Our god has given Sams ... View more
10They put his armor in the temple of their gods, and fastened his head in the temple of Dagon.
12all the valiant men set out, traveled all night long, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth-shan. They came to Jabesh and ... View more
83and the cavalry was dispersed in the plain. They fled to Azotus and entered Beth-dagon, the temple of their idol, for safety.
4When he approached Azotus, they showed him the burnt-out temple of Dagon, and Azotus and its suburbs destroyed, and the corpses lying about, and the charred bo ... View more
41Gederoth, Beth-dagon, Naamah, and Makkedah: sixteen towns with their villages.
27then it turns eastward, goes to Beth-dagon, and touches Zebulun and the valley of Iphtah-el northward to Beth-emek and Neiel; then it continues in the north t ... View more