A utensil for holding a limited amount of liquid for individual consumption. Cups were made of precious metal (Gen 44:1-34; Jer 51:7; Rev 17:4); cf. the cuplike oil holder of the Temple lamp, (Exod 25:31-35). At a formal meal there was a cup of blessing (1Cor 10:16) marking a new stage in the meal and symbolizing the unity of meal participants (1Cor 10:21). The cup could also symbolize a person’s lot or fate (Jer 49:12; Ezek 23:31-33; Mark 10:38-39; Mark 14:36). All persons can be said to have their “cup,” i.e., the limited and fixed amount of whatever God has to offer them in life, either in entirety, such as a lifetime of devotedness to God (Ps 11:6; Ps 16:5) or a life of abundance (overflowing cup - Ps 23:5), or in part, such as rescue (cup of salvation, (Ps 116:13), or punishment (cup of wrath, (Isa 51:17; Hab 2:15); cup of “staggering” or “reeling,” (Isa 51:22; Zech 12:2).

Gen 44:1-34

Joseph Detains Benjamin
1Then he commanded the steward of his house, “Fill the men's sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put each man's money in the ... View more

Jer 51:7

7Babylon was a golden cup in the Lord's hand,
making all the earth drunken;
the nations drank of her wine,
and so the nations went mad.

Rev 17:4

4The woman was clothed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and jewels and pearls, holding in her hand a golden cup full of abominations and the impurit ... View more

Exod 25:31-35

The Lampstand
31You shall make a lampstand of pure gold. The base and the shaft of the lampstand shall be made of hammered work; its cups, its calyxes, and its ... View more

1Cor 10:16

16The cup of blessing that we bless, is it not a sharing in the blood of Christ? The bread that we break, is it not a sharing in the body of Christ?

1Cor 10:21

21You cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons. You cannot partake of the table of the Lord and the table of demons.

Jer 49:12

12For thus says the Lord: If those who do not deserve to drink the cup still have to drink it, shall you be the one to go unpunished? You shall not go unpunishe ... View more

Ezek 23:31-33

31You have gone the way of your sister; therefore I will give her cup into your hand.32Thus says the Lord GOD:
You shall drink your sister's cup,
deep and wide; ... View more

Mark 10:38-39

38But Jesus said to them, “You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I drink, or be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized w ... View more

Mark 14:36

36He said, “Abba, Father, for you all things are possible; remove this cup from me; yet, not what I want, but what you want.”

Ps 11:6

6On the wicked he will rain coals of fire and sulfur;
a scorching wind shall be the portion of their cup.

Ps 16:5

5The Lord is my chosen portion and my cup;
you hold my lot.

Ps 23:5

5You prepare a table before me
in the presence of my enemies;
you anoint my head with oil;
my cup overflows.

Ps 116:13

13I will lift up the cup of salvation
and call on the name of the Lord,

Isa 51:17

17Rouse yourself, rouse yourself!
Stand up, O Jerusalem,
you who have drunk at the hand of the Lord
the cup of his wrath,
who have drunk to the dregs
the bowl o ... View more

Hab 2:15

15“Alas for you who make your neighbors drink,
pouring out your wrath until they are drunk,
in order to gaze on their nakedness!”

Isa 51:22

22Thus says your Sovereign, the Lord,
your God who pleads the cause of his people:
See, I have taken from your hand the cup of staggering;
you shall drink no mo ... View more

Zech 12:2

2See, I am about to make Jerusalem a cup of reeling for all the surrounding peoples; it will be against Judah also in the siege against Jerusalem.

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