conscience

conscience

The English translation of a word that, in classical Greek, referred to knowledge, especially the knowledge derived from reflection on one’s past deeds. The Greek idea of conscience as self-reflection finds little place in the OT. In the NT, however, the term occurs some thirty times, primarily in writings attributed to Paul (Romans). In (Rom 2:15; Rom 9:1 and 2Cor 1:12), it refers to knowledge or awareness of the nature of one’s own thoughts, motives, and actions; in (2Cor 4:2 and 2Cor 5:11), it appears to refer to one’s judgments regarding the motives and actions of another. The term also occurs twice in (Acts 23:1, Acts 24:16) both times on the lips of Paul), five times in (Heb 9:9; Heb 9:14; Heb 10:2; Heb 10:22; Heb 13:18), and three times in (1Pet 2:19; 1Pet 3:16; 1Pet 3:21). In a few instances, the meaning apparently is something like “consciousness” or “awareness” (Heb 10:2; 1Pet 2:19, NRSV: “being aware of”). Elsewhere, the writers can speak of a “good” or “bad” conscience (Acts 23:1; Acts 24:16; 1Tim 1:5; 1Tim 1:19; 1Tim 3:9; 1Tim 4:2; 2Tim 1:3; Titus 1:15; Heb 10:22; Heb 13:18; 1Pet 3:16; 1Pet 3:21) or of “perfecting” or “purifying” the conscience (Heb 9:9; Heb 9:14).

Rom 2:15

15They show that what the law requires is written on their hearts, to which their own conscience also bears witness; and their conflicting thoughts will accuse ... View more

Rom 9:1

God's Election of Israel
1I am speaking the truth in Christ—I am not lying; my conscience confirms it by the Holy Spirit—

2Cor 1:12

The Postponement of Paul's Visit
12Indeed, this is our boast, the testimony of our conscience: we have behaved in the world with frankness and godly sincerity, ... View more

2Cor 4:2

2We have renounced the shameful things that one hides; we refuse to practice cunning or to falsify God's word; but by the open statement of the truth we commend ... View more

2Cor 5:11

The Ministry of Reconciliation
11Therefore, knowing the fear of the Lord, we try to persuade others; but we ourselves are well known to God, and I hope that we ... View more

Acts 23:1

1While Paul was looking intently at the council he said, “Brothers, up to this day I have lived my life with a clear conscience before God.”

Acts 24:16

16Therefore I do my best always to have a clear conscience toward God and all people.

Heb 9:9

9This is a symbol of the present time, during which gifts and sacrifices are offered that cannot perfect the conscience of the worshiper,

Heb 9:14

14how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to worshi ... View more

Heb 10:2

2Otherwise, would they not have ceased being offered, since the worshipers, cleansed once for all, would no longer have any consciousness of sin?

Heb 10:22

22let us approach with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.

Heb 13:18

18Pray for us; we are sure that we have a clear conscience, desiring to act honorably in all things.

1Pet 2:19

19For it is a credit to you if, being aware of God, you endure pain while suffering unjustly.

1Pet 3:16

16yet do it with gentleness and reverence. Keep your conscience clear, so that, when you are maligned, those who abuse you for your good conduct in Christ may b ... View more

1Pet 3:21

21And baptism, which this prefigured, now saves you—not as a removal of dirt from the body, but as an appeal to God for a good conscience, through the resurrect ... View more

Heb 10:2

2Otherwise, would they not have ceased being offered, since the worshipers, cleansed once for all, would no longer have any consciousness of sin?

1Pet 2:19

19For it is a credit to you if, being aware of God, you endure pain while suffering unjustly.

Acts 23:1

1While Paul was looking intently at the council he said, “Brothers, up to this day I have lived my life with a clear conscience before God.”

Acts 24:16

16Therefore I do my best always to have a clear conscience toward God and all people.

1Tim 1:5

5But the aim of such instruction is love that comes from a pure heart, a good conscience, and sincere faith.

1Tim 1:19

19having faith and a good conscience. By rejecting conscience, certain persons have suffered shipwreck in the faith;

1Tim 3:9

9they must hold fast to the mystery of the faith with a clear conscience.

1Tim 4:2

2through the hypocrisy of liars whose consciences are seared with a hot iron.

2Tim 1:3

Thanksgiving and Encouragement
3I am grateful to God—whom I worship with a clear conscience, as my ancestors did—when I remember you constantly in my prayers ni ... View more

Titus 1:15

15To the pure all things are pure, but to the corrupt and unbelieving nothing is pure. Their very minds and consciences are corrupted.

Heb 10:22

22let us approach with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.

Heb 13:18

18Pray for us; we are sure that we have a clear conscience, desiring to act honorably in all things.

1Pet 3:16

16yet do it with gentleness and reverence. Keep your conscience clear, so that, when you are maligned, those who abuse you for your good conduct in Christ may b ... View more

1Pet 3:21

21And baptism, which this prefigured, now saves you—not as a removal of dirt from the body, but as an appeal to God for a good conscience, through the resurrect ... View more

Heb 9:9

9This is a symbol of the present time, during which gifts and sacrifices are offered that cannot perfect the conscience of the worshiper,

Heb 9:14

14how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to worshi ... View more

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