child, children

child, children

Offspring, which were highly valued by Israelites as gracious gifts of God (Ps 113:9; Ps 127:3; Ps 128:5-6). Having large numbers of children was considered a divine blessing (Gen 24:60; Ruth 4:11-12), and the multiplication of descendants was part of God’s promise to Israel’s ancestors (Gen 12:2; Gen 15:5; Gen 16:10; Gen 17:2; Gen 22:17; Gen 26:4). Barrenness was considered at best a vexation (Gen 16:2; Gen 30:2; 1Sam 1:3-8) and at worst a divine punishment (Gen 20:18). Children often received symbolic names (Gen 4:1; Gen 25:25-26; Gen 29:32; Gen 29:35; Gen 30:6; Gen 30:8; Gen 30:11; Gen 30:13; Gen 30:18; Gen 30:24; Gen 41:51-52; Isa 8:3; Hos 1:2-9) and were educated by their parents, particularly in Israel’s faith (Prov 1:8; Prov 6:20; Exod 12:26-27; Deut 4:9; Deut 6:7; Deut 20-25:7; Deut 32:46). Children received an inheritance from their parents, with the eldest son receiving a double portion (Num 36; Deut 21:15-17). Firstborn sons were thought to belong to God, but were to be redeemed (Exod 13:11-15; Exod 22:29; Exod 34:20; Num 18:15). However, the OT contains many stories of God’s blessing going to a younger child (Gen 28:13-14; Gen 27:1-40; Gen 47:8-20; Gen 49:1-27). In the NT, Christians are sometimes addressed as children by church authorities, a practice the church traced to Jesus (Gal 4:19; 2Tim 1:2; Phlm 1:10; 1John 2:1; 1John 2:12; 1John 2:18; 1John 2:28; Matt 9:2; Mark 2:5; Mark 10:24; John 13:33). Jesus is remembered as indicating that little children provide a model for recognizing who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven (Matt 18:1-5).

Ps 113:9

9He gives the barren woman a home,
making her the joyous mother of children.
Praise the Lord!

Ps 127:3

3Sons are indeed a heritage from the Lord,
the fruit of the womb a reward.

Ps 128:5-6

5The Lord bless you from Zion.
May you see the prosperity of Jerusalem
all the days of your life.6May you see your children's children.
Peace be upon Israel!

Gen 24:60

60And they blessed Rebekah and said to her,
“May you, our sister, become
thousands of myriads;
may your offspring gain possession
of the gates of their foes.”

Ruth 4:11-12

11Then all the people who were at the gate, along with the elders, said, “We are witnesses. May the Lord make the woman who is coming into your house like Rache ... View more

Gen 12:2

2I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you, and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing.

Gen 15:5

5He brought him outside and said, “Look toward heaven and count the stars, if you are able to count them.” Then he said to him, “So shall your descendants be.”

Gen 16:10

10The angel of the Lord also said to her, “I will so greatly multiply your offspring that they cannot be counted for multitude.”

Gen 17:2

2And I will make my covenant between me and you, and will make you exceedingly numerous.”

Gen 22:17

17I will indeed bless you, and I will make your offspring as numerous as the stars of heaven and as the sand that is on the seashore. And your offspring shall p ... View more

Gen 26:4

4I will make your offspring as numerous as the stars of heaven, and will give to your offspring all these lands; and all the nations of the earth shall gain ble ... View more

Gen 16:2

2and Sarai said to Abram, “You see that the Lord has prevented me from bearing children; go in to my slave-girl; it may be that I shall obtain children by her.” ... View more

Gen 30:2

2Jacob became very angry with Rachel and said, “Am I in the place of God, who has withheld from you the fruit of the womb?”

1Sam 1:3-8

3Now this man used to go up year by year from his town to worship and to sacrifice to the Lord of hosts at Shiloh, where the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phineha ... View more

Gen 20:18

18For the Lord had closed fast all the wombs of the house of Abimelech because of Sarah, Abraham's wife.

Gen 4:1

Cain Murders Abel
1Now the man knew his wife Eve, and she conceived and bore Cain, saying, “I have produced a man with the help of the Lord.”

Gen 25:25-26

25The first came out red, all his body like a hairy mantle; so they named him Esau.26Afterward his brother came out, with his hand gripping Esau's heel; so he w ... View more

Gen 29:32

32Leah conceived and bore a son, and she named him Reuben; for she said, “Because the Lord has looked on my affliction; surely now my husband will love me.”

Gen 29:35

35She conceived again and bore a son, and said, “This time I will praise the Lord”; therefore she named him Judah; then she ceased bearing.

Gen 30:6

6Then Rachel said, “God has judged me, and has also heard my voice and given me a son”; therefore she named him Dan.

Gen 30:8

8Then Rachel said, “With mighty wrestlings I have wrestled with my sister, and have prevailed”; so she named him Naphtali.

Gen 30:11

11And Leah said, “Good fortune!” so she named him Gad.

Gen 30:13

13And Leah said, “Happy am I! For the women will call me happy”; so she named him Asher.

Gen 30:18

18Leah said, “God has given me my hire because I gave my maid to my husband”; so she named him Issachar.

Gen 30:24

24and she named him Joseph, saying, “May the Lord add to me another son!”

Gen 41:51-52

51Joseph named the firstborn Manasseh, “For,” he said, “God has made me forget all my hardship and all my father's house.”52The second he named Ephraim, “For Go ... View more

Isa 8:3

3And I went to the prophetess, and she conceived and bore a son. Then the Lord said to me, Name him Maher-shalal-hash-baz;

Hos 1:2-9

The Family of Hosea
2When the Lord first spoke through Hosea, the Lord said to Hosea, “Go, take for yourself a wife of whoredom and have children of whoredom, f ... View more

Prov 1:8

Warnings against Evil Companions
8Hear, my child, your father's instruction,
and do not reject your mother's teaching;

Prov 6:20

20My child, keep your father's commandment,
and do not forsake your mother's teaching.

Exod 12:26-27

26And when your children ask you, ‘What do you mean by this observance?’27you shall say, ‘It is the passover sacrifice to the Lord, for he passed over the house ... View more

Deut 4:9

9But take care and watch yourselves closely, so as neither to forget the things that your eyes have seen nor to let them slip from your mind all the days of you ... View more

Deut 6:7

7Recite them to your children and talk about them when you are at home and when you are away, when you lie down and when you rise.

Deut 20-25:7

Rules of Warfare
1When you go out to war against your enemies, and see horses and chariots, an army larger than your own, you shall not be afraid of them; for t ... View more

Deut 32:46

46he said to them: “Take to heart all the words that I am giving in witness against you today; give them as a command to your children, so that they may diligen ... View more

Num 36

Marriage of Female Heirs
1The heads of the ancestral houses of the clans of the descendants of Gilead son of Machir son of Manasseh, of the Josephite clans, cam ... View more

Deut 21:15-17

The Right of the Firstborn
15If a man has two wives, one of them loved and the other disliked, and if both the loved and the disliked have borne him sons, the f ... View more

Exod 13:11-15

The Consecration of the Firstborn
11“When the Lord has brought you into the land of the Canaanites, as he swore to you and your ancestors, and has given it to y ... View more

Exod 22:29

29You shall not delay to make offerings from the fullness of your harvest and from the outflow of your presses.
The firstborn of your sons you shall give to me.

Exod 34:20

20The firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb, or if you will not redeem it you shall break its neck. All the firstborn of your sons you shall redeem ... View more

Num 18:15

15The first issue of the womb of all creatures, human and animal, which is offered to the Lord, shall be yours; but the firstborn of human beings you shall rede ... View more

Gen 28:13-14

13And the Lord stood beside him and said, “I am the Lord, the God of Abraham your father and the God of Isaac; the land on which you lie I will give to you and ... View more

Gen 27:1-40

Isaac Blesses Jacob
1When Isaac was old and his eyes were dim so that he could not see, he called his elder son Esau and said to him, “My son”; and he answered, ... View more

Gen 47:8-20

8Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How many are the years of your life?”9Jacob said to Pharaoh, “The years of my earthly sojourn are one hundred thirty; few and hard have ... View more

Gen 49:1-27

Jacob's Last Words to His Sons
1Then Jacob called his sons, and said: “Gather around, that I may tell you what will happen to you in days to come.2Assemble and ... View more

Gal 4:19

19My little children, for whom I am again in the pain of childbirth until Christ is formed in you,

2Tim 1:2

2To Timothy, my beloved child:
Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.

Phlm 1:10

10I am appealing to you for my child, Onesimus, whose father I have become during my imprisonment.

1John 2:1

Christ Our Advocate
1My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. But if anyone does sin, we have an advocate with the Father, ... View more

1John 2:12

12I am writing to you, little children,
because your sins are forgiven on account of his name.

1John 2:18

Warning against Antichrists
18Children, it is the last hour! As you have heard that antichrist is coming, so now many antichrists have come. From this we know t ... View more

1John 2:28

28And now, little children, abide in him, so that when he is revealed we may have confidence and not be put to shame before him at his coming.

Matt 9:2

Jesus Heals a Paralytic
2And just then some people were carrying a paralyzed man lying on a bed. When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, “Take hea ... View more

Mark 2:5

5When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, “Son, your sins are forgiven.”

Mark 10:24

24And the disciples were perplexed at these words. But Jesus said to them again, “Children, how hard it is to enter the kingdom of God!

John 13:33

33Little children, I am with you only a little longer. You will look for me; and as I said to the Jews so now I say to you, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come.’

Matt 18:1-5

True Greatness
1At that time the disciples came to Jesus and asked, “Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?”2He called a child, whom he put among them,3a ... View more

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