The covering of the grain removed during the process of winnowing. Nearly all references in the Hebrew Bible are to chaff blown in the wind (Job 13:25; Job 21:18; Ps 1:4; Ps 35:5; Ps 83:13; Isa 17:13; Isa 29:5; Isa 33:11; Isa 41:15; Jer 13:24; Dan 2:35; Hos 13:3; Zeph 2:2). In the NT it is what is burned as worthless “with unquenchable fire” after the one who baptizes with the Holy Spirit has gathered the wheat into the granary (Matt 3:12; Luke 3:17).

Job 13:25

25Will you frighten a windblown leaf
and pursue dry chaff?

Job 21:18

18How often are they like straw before the wind,
and like chaff that the storm carries away?

Ps 1:4

4The wicked are not so,
but are like chaff that the wind drives away.

Ps 35:5

5Let them be like chaff before the wind,
with the angel of the Lord driving them on.

Ps 83:13

13O my God, make them like whirling dust,
like chaff before the wind.

Isa 17:13

13The nations roar like the roaring of many waters,
but he will rebuke them, and they will flee far away,
chased like chaff on the mountains before the wind
and ... View more

Isa 29:5

5But the multitude of your foes shall be like small dust,
and the multitude of tyrants like flying chaff.
And in an instant, suddenly,

Isa 33:11

11You conceive chaff, you bring forth stubble;
your breath is a fire that will consume you.

Isa 41:15

15Now, I will make of you a threshing sledge,
sharp, new, and having teeth;
you shall thresh the mountains and crush them,
and you shall make the hills like cha ... View more

Jer 13:24

24I will scatter you like chaff
driven by the wind from the desert.

Dan 2:35

35Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver, and the gold, were all broken in pieces and became like the chaff of the summer threshing floors; and the win ... View more

Hos 13:3

3Therefore they shall be like the morning mist
or like the dew that goes away early,
like chaff that swirls from the threshing floor
or like smoke from a window ... View more

Zeph 2:2

2before you are driven away
like the drifting chaff,
before there comes upon you
the fierce anger of the Lord,
before there comes upon you
the day of the Lord's ... View more

Matt 3:12

12His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will clear his threshing floor and will gather his wheat into the granary; but the chaff he will burn with unquencha ... View more

Luke 3:17

17His winnowing fork is in his hand, to clear his threshing floor and to gather the wheat into his granary; but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire.”

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