A mixed company of travelers, usually fairly large for the purpose of safety, which included merchants and their pack animals, who regularly traversed the trade routes to oversee the transport of their goods. Biblical references to caravans include a caravan of Ishmaelites in (Gen 37:25); the endangered caravan traffic due to the unstable political conditions in the period of the judges in (Judg 5:6); the caravan trade in Edom in (Job 6:18-19); and the caravans of Dedanites in Arabia in (Isa 21:13).

Gen 37:25

25Then they sat down to eat; and looking up they saw a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead, with their camels carrying gum, balm, and resin, on their way ... View more

Judg 5:6

6“In the days of Shamgar son of Anath,
in the days of Jael, caravans ceased
and travelers kept to the byways.

Job 6:18-19

18The caravans turn aside from their course;
they go up into the waste, and perish.19The caravans of Tema look,
the travelers of Sheba hope.

Isa 21:13

13The oracle concerning the desert plain.

In the scrub of the desert plain you will lodge,
O caravans of Dedanites.

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