bread

bread

The staff of life (Lev 26:26; Ezek 5:16; Ezek 14:13); bread and water make up life’s two basic staples (Num 21:5; Isa 3:1). It is frequently used as a metaphor for food in general (Judg 13:16; Luke 15:17). Bread was made mainly from wheat or barley (2Kgs 4:42; John 6:9; John 6:13), the latter being eaten primarily by the poor. At times any mixture of grains, such as beans, lentils, millet, and so on, might be ground up and made into bread (Ezek 4:9). Grain was usually ground and used in coarse form (Lev 2:14; Lev 2:16), but at times it was ground more finely (Gen 18:6; Lev 2:2; Lev 6:15). The best bread was made from wheat in which only the grain, not the bran, was ground (Deut 32:14; 2Kgs 7:1). Upon being ground, grain was mixed with water, salt, and old dough. The mixture was then kneaded in a bowl (Exod 8:3; Exod 12:34), allowed to rise, and baked. Bread was baked either by setting it on hot stones and covering with hot ashes (1Kgs 19:6; Isa 44:19), by cooking on an iron griddle (Lev 2:5; Lev 6:21; Lev 7:9), or by baking in an oven (Lev 2:4; Lev 7:9; Lev 26:26) that was heated by stubble (Mal 4:1), grass (Matt 6:30), or twigs (1Kgs 17:12). The term “bread” is used metaphorically in various ways to refer to earning a living (2Thess 3:12); sharing in the future kingdom (Luke 14:15); the word of God (Isa 55:2); an enemy about to be consumed (Num 14:9); and Christ as the true food from heaven (John 6:31-51). Bread is also associated with various religious rites: the Passover and Festival of Unleavened Bread (Exod 12:8; Exod 14-20:8; Exod 13:3-10); the bread of the Presence (Exod 25:23-30; Exod 40:22-23; Lev 24:5-9; Heb 9:2); various cereal offerings (Exod 29:2; Exod 23-25:2; Lev 2:4-16; Lev 7:9; 1Sam 10:3-8); the manna in the wilderness (Exod 16:14-30); and the Lord’s Supper (Matt 26:26-29; Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22:14-23; 1Cor 11:23-26). The last was also called the “breaking of bread” (Acts 2:42; Acts 2:46; Acts 20:7; Acts 20:11).

Lev 26:26

26When I break your staff of bread, ten women shall bake your bread in a single oven, and they shall dole out your bread by weight; and though you eat, you shal ... View more

Ezek 5:16

16when I loose against you my deadly arrows of famine, arrows for destruction, which I will let loose to destroy you, and when I bring more and more famine upon ... View more

Ezek 14:13

13Mortal, when a land sins against me by acting faithlessly, and I stretch out my hand against it, and break its staff of bread and send famine upon it, and cut ... View more

Num 21:5

5The people spoke against God and against Moses, “Why have you brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? For there is no food and no water, and we de ... View more

Isa 3:1

1For now the Sovereign, the Lord of hosts,
is taking away from Jerusalem and from Judah
support and staff—
all support of bread,
and all support of water—

Judg 13:16

16The angel of the Lord said to Manoah, “If you detain me, I will not eat your food; but if you want to prepare a burnt offering, then offer it to the Lord.” (F ... View more

Luke 15:17

17But when he came to himself he said, ‘How many of my father's hired hands have bread enough and to spare, but here I am dying of hunger!

2Kgs 4:42

Elisha Feeds One Hundred Men
42A man came from Baal-shalishah, bringing food from the first fruits to the man of God: twenty loaves of barley and fresh ears of ... View more

John 6:9

9“There is a boy here who has five barley loaves and two fish. But what are they among so many people?”

John 6:13

13So they gathered them up, and from the fragments of the five barley loaves, left by those who had eaten, they filled twelve baskets.

Ezek 4:9

9And you, take wheat and barley, beans and lentils, millet and spelt; put them into one vessel, and make bread for yourself. During the number of days that you ... View more

Lev 2:14

14If you bring a grain offering of first fruits to the Lord, you shall bring as the grain offering of your first fruits coarse new grain from fresh ears, parche ... View more

Lev 2:16

16And the priest shall turn a token portion of it into smoke—some of the coarse grain and oil with all its frankincense; it is an offering by fire to the Lord.

Gen 18:6

6And Abraham hastened into the tent to Sarah, and said, “Make ready quickly three measures of choice flour, knead it, and make cakes.”

Lev 2:2

2and bring it to Aaron's sons the priests. After taking from it a handful of the choice flour and oil, with all its frankincense, the priest shall turn this tok ... View more

Lev 6:15

15They shall take from it a handful of the choice flour and oil of the grain offering, with all the frankincense that is on the offering, and they shall turn it ... View more

Deut 32:14

14curds from the herd, and milk from the flock,
with fat of lambs and rams;
Bashan bulls and goats,
together with the choicest wheat—
you drank fine wine from t ... View more

2Kgs 7:1

1But Elisha said, “Hear the word of the Lord: thus says the Lord, Tomorrow about this time a measure of choice meal shall be sold for a shekel, and two measures ... View more

Exod 8:3

3The river shall swarm with frogs; they shall come up into your palace, into your bedchamber and your bed, and into the houses of your officials and of your peo ... View more

Exod 12:34

34So the people took their dough before it was leavened, with their kneading bowls wrapped up in their cloaks on their shoulders.

1Kgs 19:6

6He looked, and there at his head was a cake baked on hot stones, and a jar of water. He ate and drank, and lay down again.

Isa 44:19

19No one considers, nor is there knowledge or discernment to say, “Half of it I burned in the fire; I also baked bread on its coals, I roasted meat and have eat ... View more

Lev 2:5

5If your offering is grain prepared on a griddle, it shall be of choice flour mixed with oil, unleavened;

Lev 6:21

21It shall be made with oil on a griddle; you shall bring it well soaked, as a grain offering of baked pieces, and you shall present it as a pleasing odor to th ... View more

Lev 7:9

9And every grain offering baked in the oven, and all that is prepared in a pan or on a griddle, shall belong to the priest who offers it.

Lev 2:4

4When you present a grain offering baked in the oven, it shall be of choice flour: unleavened cakes mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers spread with oil.

Lev 7:9

9And every grain offering baked in the oven, and all that is prepared in a pan or on a griddle, shall belong to the priest who offers it.

Lev 26:26

26When I break your staff of bread, ten women shall bake your bread in a single oven, and they shall dole out your bread by weight; and though you eat, you shal ... View more

Mal 4:1

The Great Day of the Lord

1 See, the day is coming, burning like an oven, when all the arrogant and all evildoers will be stubble; the day that comes shall bur ... View more

Matt 6:30

30But if God so clothes the grass of the field, which is alive today and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, will he not much more clothe you—you of little faith?

1Kgs 17:12

12But she said, “As the Lord your God lives, I have nothing baked, only a handful of meal in a jar, and a little oil in a jug; I am now gathering a couple of st ... View more

2Thess 3:12

12Now such persons we command and exhort in the Lord Jesus Christ to do their work quietly and to earn their own living.

Luke 14:15

The Parable of the Great Dinner
15One of the dinner guests, on hearing this, said to him, “Blessed is anyone who will eat bread in the kingdom of God!”

Isa 55:2

2Why do you spend your money for that which is not bread,
and your labor for that which does not satisfy?
Listen carefully to me, and eat what is good,
and deli ... View more

Num 14:9

9Only, do not rebel against the Lord; and do not fear the people of the land, for they are no more than bread for us; their protection is removed from them, and ... View more

John 6:31-51

31Our ancestors ate the manna in the wilderness; as it is written, ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.’ ”32Then Jesus said to them, “Very truly, I tell you, ... View more

Exod 12:8

8They shall eat the lamb that same night; they shall eat it roasted over the fire with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

Exod 14-20:8

Crossing the Red Sea
1Then the Lord said to Moses:2“Tell the Israelites to turn back and camp in front of Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, in front of B ... View more

Exod 13:3-10

The Festival of Unleavened Bread
3Moses said to the people, “Remember this day on which you came out of Egypt, out of the house of slavery, because the Lord bro ... View more

Exod 25:23-30

The Table for the Bread of the Presence
23You shall make a table of acacia wood, two cubits long, one cubit wide, and a cubit and a half high.24You shall overla ... View more

Exod 40:22-23

22He put the table in the tent of meeting, on the north side of the tabernacle, outside the curtain,23and set the bread in order on it before the Lord; as the L ... View more

Lev 24:5-9

The Bread for the Tabernacle
5You shall take choice flour, and bake twelve loaves of it; two-tenths of an ephah shall be in each loaf.6You shall place them in t ... View more

Heb 9:2

2For a tent was constructed, the first one, in which were the lampstand, the table, and the bread of the Presence; this is called the Holy Place.

Exod 29:2

2and unleavened bread, unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers spread with oil. You shall make them of choice wheat flour.

Exod 23-25:2

Justice for All
1You shall not spread a false report. You shall not join hands with the wicked to act as a malicious witness.2You shall not follow a majority in ... View more

Lev 2:4-16

4When you present a grain offering baked in the oven, it shall be of choice flour: unleavened cakes mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers spread with oil.5If you ... View more

Lev 7:9

9And every grain offering baked in the oven, and all that is prepared in a pan or on a griddle, shall belong to the priest who offers it.

1Sam 10:3-8

3Then you shall go on from there further and come to the oak of Tabor; three men going up to God at Bethel will meet you there, one carrying three kids, another ... View more

Exod 16:14-30

14When the layer of dew lifted, there on the surface of the wilderness was a fine flaky substance, as fine as frost on the ground.15When the Israelites saw it, ... View more

Matt 26:26-29

The Institution of the Lord's Supper
26While they were eating, Jesus took a loaf of bread, and after blessing it he broke it, gave it to the disciples, and said ... View more

Mark 14:22-25

The Institution of the Lord's Supper
22While they were eating, he took a loaf of bread, and after blessing it he broke it, gave it to them, and said, “Take; thi ... View more

Luke 22:14-23

The Institution of the Lord's Supper
14When the hour came, he took his place at the table, and the apostles with him.15He said to them, “I have eagerly desired ... View more

1Cor 11:23-26

The Institution of the Lord's Supper
23For I received from the Lord what I also handed on to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took a l ... View more

Acts 2:42

42They devoted themselves to the apostles' teaching and fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers.

Acts 2:46

46Day by day, as they spent much time together in the temple, they broke bread at home and ate their food with glad and generous hearts,

Acts 20:7

Paul's Farewell Visit to Troas
7On the first day of the week, when we met to break bread, Paul was holding a discussion with them; since he intended to leave th ... View more

Acts 20:11

11Then Paul went upstairs, and after he had broken bread and eaten, he continued to converse with them until dawn; then he left.

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