baptism

baptism

Religious rite involving water. The term is derived from a Greek word meaning “to immerse in or wash with water” (Mark 7:4). In the NT, John’s baptism is offered along with a prophetic call to repentance and forgiveness of sins (Mark 1:4). The baptism of Jesus by John, however, is understood differently: it is a theophany (i.e., a self-revealing of God) in which Jesus is identified as God’s beloved Son. Christian baptism of converts retained the sense of Jewish rites of purification (1Pet 3:21) as well as conveying adoption as God’s children. Paul speaks of God pouring the Holy Spirit into converts’ hearts, enabling them to say “Abba, Father” (Gal 4:6; Rom 8:15-17). Thus, baptism was in some sense to Christianity what circumcision was to Judaism. Baptism is compared with Noah’s escape from God’s wrath (1Pet 3:21) and to Israel’s exodus through the sea (1Cor 10:1-4). Paul also likens baptism to Jesus’s death and resurrection: Christians symbolically die to their sins and former lives, a death they share with Christ, and are buried with him; as they rise from baptism in purity, they share the new life brought by Jesus’s resurrection (Rom 6:1-4).

Mark 7:4

4and they do not eat anything from the market unless they wash it; and there are also many other traditions that they observe, the washing of cups, pots, and br ... View more

Mark 1:4

4John the baptizer appeared in the wilderness, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins.

1Pet 3:21

21And baptism, which this prefigured, now saves you—not as a removal of dirt from the body, but as an appeal to God for a good conscience, through the resurrect ... View more

Gal 4:6

6And because you are children, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!”

Rom 8:15-17

15For you did not receive a spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received a spirit of adoption. When we cry, “Abba! Father!”16it is that very ... View more

1Pet 3:21

21And baptism, which this prefigured, now saves you—not as a removal of dirt from the body, but as an appeal to God for a good conscience, through the resurrect ... View more

1Cor 10:1-4

Warnings from Israel's History
1I do not want you to be unaware, brothers and sisters, that our ancestors were all under the cloud, and all passed through the s ... View more

Rom 6:1-4

Dying and Rising with Christ
1What then are we to say? Should we continue in sin in order that grace may abound?2By no means! How can we who died to sin go on l ... View more

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