banquet

banquet

An elaborate meal, often called a feast. In the Bible, there are two general types of banquets: ceremonial and ritual. A ceremonial banquet is a festive meal at which the inviter and the invited celebrate their mutual solidarity. Examples include the festive meals of Israel’s appointed festivals (Lev 23:2-44) and the national celebrations in the story of Esther (Esth 1:3-9; Esth 2:18; Esth 5:1-7:10). A ritual banquet is one that marks some transitional point in a person’s life, e.g., Isaac’s weaning day (Gen 21:8); the weddings of Jacob (Gen 29:22) and Samson (Judg 14:10); and the birthdays of Pharaoh (Gen 40:20) and Herod (Mark 6:21). Banquets can indicate the transformation of a stranger into a guest (Gen 19:3-14; Luke 5:29) or of an enemy into a covenant partner (Gen 26:26-31; 2Sam 3:20). At the Last Supper Jesus changes the ceremonial banquet of the Jewish Passover into a ritual banquet, effectively symbolizing the meaning of his impending death (Mark 14:12-25; and parallels).

Lev 23:2-44

2Speak to the people of Israel and say to them: These are the appointed festivals of the Lord that you shall proclaim as holy convocations, my appointed festiva ... View more

Esth 1:3-9

3in the third year of his reign, he gave a banquet for all his officials and ministers. The army of Persia and Media and the nobles and governors of the provinc ... View more

Esth 2:18

18Then the king gave a great banquet to all his officials and ministers—“Esther's banquet.” He also granted a holiday to the provinces, and gave gifts with roya ... View more

Esth 5:1-7:10

Esther's Banquet
1On the third day Esther put on her royal robes and stood in the inner court of the king's palace, opposite the king's hall. The king was sitti ... View more

Gen 21:8

Hagar and Ishmael Sent Away
8The child grew, and was weaned; and Abraham made a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned.

Gen 29:22

22So Laban gathered together all the people of the place, and made a feast.

Judg 14:10

10His father went down to the woman, and Samson made a feast there as the young men were accustomed to do.

Gen 40:20

20On the third day, which was Pharaoh's birthday, he made a feast for all his servants, and lifted up the head of the chief cupbearer and the head of the chief ... View more

Mark 6:21

21But an opportunity came when Herod on his birthday gave a banquet for his courtiers and officers and for the leaders of Galilee.

Gen 19:3-14

3But he urged them strongly; so they turned aside to him and entered his house; and he made them a feast, and baked unleavened bread, and they ate.4But before t ... View more

Luke 5:29

29Then Levi gave a great banquet for him in his house; and there was a large crowd of tax collectors and others sitting at the table with them.

Gen 26:26-31

26Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, with Ahuzzath his adviser and Phicol the commander of his army.27Isaac said to them, “Why have you come to me, seeing t ... View more

2Sam 3:20

20When Abner came with twenty men to David at Hebron, David made a feast for Abner and the men who were with him.

Mark 14:12-25

The Passover with the Disciples
12On the first day of Unleavened Bread, when the Passover lamb is sacrificed, his disciples said to him, “Where do you want us t ... View more

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