ancestor

ancestor

The one from whom a person or group is descended, either literally or figuratively. The OT uses the term “ancestor” generally to refer to earlier generations of Israelites (Exod 3:15; Exod 20:5; Num 20:15; 1Kgs 14:15; Jer 7:22; Jer 16:11), and specifically to refer to the founders of the nation: Abraham and Sarah; Isaac and Rebekah; Jacob, Leah, and Rachel. God’s faithfulness to Israel and the gift of the land were often thought to be motivated by the divine promise that had originally been made to the ancestors (Deut 1:8; Deut 6:10; Deut 9:5; Deut 29:13; Deut 30:20; Gen 12:7; Gen 17:1-8; Gen 28:13-15). On the other hand, the sins of the ancestors were sometimes thought to bring God’s wrath on their children (Exod 20:5; Exod 34:7; Num 14:18).

Exod 3:15

15God also said to Moses, “Thus you shall say to the Israelites, ‘The Lord, the God of your ancestors, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jaco ... View more

Exod 20:5

5You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, punishing children for the iniquity of parents, to the third and the ... View more

Num 20:15

15how our ancestors went down to Egypt, and we lived in Egypt a long time; and the Egyptians oppressed us and our ancestors;

1Kgs 14:15

15“The Lord will strike Israel, as a reed is shaken in the water; he will root up Israel out of this good land that he gave to their ancestors, and scatter them ... View more

Jer 7:22

22For in the day that I brought your ancestors out of the land of Egypt, I did not speak to them or command them concerning burnt offerings and sacrifices.

Jer 16:11

11then you shall say to them: It is because your ancestors have forsaken me, says the Lord, and have gone after other gods and have served and worshiped them, a ... View more

Deut 1:8

8See, I have set the land before you; go in and take possession of the land that I swore to your ancestors, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give to them ... View more

Deut 6:10

Caution against Disobedience
10When the Lord your God has brought you into the land that he swore to your ancestors, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give ... View more

Deut 9:5

5It is not because of your righteousness or the uprightness of your heart that you are going in to occupy their land; but because of the wickedness of these nat ... View more

Deut 29:13

13in order that he may establish you today as his people, and that he may be your God, as he promised you and as he swore to your ancestors, to Abraham, to Isaa ... View more

Deut 30:20

20loving the Lord your God, obeying him, and holding fast to him; for that means life to you and length of days, so that you may live in the land that the Lord ... View more

Gen 12:7

7Then the Lord appeared to Abram, and said, “To your offspring I will give this land.” So he built there an altar to the Lord, who had appeared to him.

Gen 17:1-8

The Sign of the Covenant
1When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to Abram, and said to him, “I am God Almighty; walk before me, and be blameles ... View more

Gen 28:13-15

13And the Lord stood beside him and said, “I am the Lord, the God of Abraham your father and the God of Isaac; the land on which you lie I will give to you and ... View more

Exod 20:5

5You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, punishing children for the iniquity of parents, to the third and the ... View more

Exod 34:7

7keeping steadfast love for the thousandth generation,
forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin,
yet by no means clearing the guilty,
but visiting the iniqu ... View more

Num 14:18

18‘The Lord is slow to anger,
and abounding in steadfast love,
forgiving iniquity and transgression,
but by no means clearing the guilty,
visiting the iniquity ... View more

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